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The dried stigmas of Crocus sativus (C. officinalis) (family Iridaceae), formerly used occasionally in flatulent dyspepsia; also formerly used as an antispasmodic in asthma and dysmenorrhea and as a coloring and flavoring agent.
Synonym(s): saffron
[L. fr. G. krokos, the crocus, saffron (made from its stigmas)]


Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.

saffron (saˑ·frän),

n Latin name:
Crocus sativus; parts used: flowers, stigmas; uses: pain, cramps or spasms, sexual desire, flatulence, induction perspiration, promotion of menstrual flow, expectorant, relaxant, sleep induction, digestive disorders; precautions: may induce premature expulsion of a fetus. Also called
asian saffron, azafran, bulgarian saffron, crocus, fan hung hua, greek saffron, italian saffron, koema-koema, kum-kum, persian saffron, po fu lan, sa fa ang, sa'faran, saffron crocus, safran, sahuran, and


References in periodicals archive ?
Saffron Energy's ordinary shares will be re-admitted to trading on AIM under its proposed new name of Coro Energy plc; and
Saffron townhouses are located centrally in the new neighbourhood, along the Emaar South Boulevard.
Saffron is world's most expensive spice which is derived from stigmas of saffron crocus.
British-Indian saffron start-up, Mahbir Premium Indian Saffron, will launch the chocolate treat at Gulfood, which is taking place in Dubai from February 18-22, 2018, reports FoodIngredientsFirst.
Saffron cultivation has been going on for generations and it is the crop that makes Pampore a special place," says Majeed, a 65-year-old saffron farmer who has been harvesting the crop for more than 50 years.
It is proposed that Saffron will be renamed Coro Energy plc.
More than 160 tons of saffron worth $219 million were exported to 56 countries during the said period,
The UAE, Hong Kong, Spain, Italy, Germany, Australia, UK, Bahrain, Belgium, France, Oman, Singapore, the US, Philippines, Kuwait, Iraq, Canada, Poland, Japan and Taiwan are the main buyers of Iranian saffron.
A WORD OF WARNING: Be aware of a saffron look-alike, 'Autumn Crocus' or 'Meadow Saffron' (Colchicum autumnale).
More than 80% of the world's saffron is handpicked in Iran, where wages are substantially lower.
Campello presented the company's four projects currently under development: an automatic seeder, an innovative process for cutting and harvesting flowers, a fluid power system that separates the stigmas from the rest of the flowers, and a desiccating oven that is specifically designed for saffron.
Growing the saffron crocus is a hugely labour-intensive process which goes some way to explaining the flavouring's eye-watering price.