It is an inverted triangle the base of which is formed by the 12th rib and the lower edge of serratus posterior inferior muscle, anteriorly bounded by the posterior border of internal oblique muscle, posteriorly bounded by the anterior border of sacrospinalis
The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores, and sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators before operation and 3, 12 months postoperation were compared.
The direct exposure of the facet and transverse processes through the sacrospinalis muscle causes very little stripping damage to sacrospinalis muscle, and this exposure is helpful during postoperative recovery.
Sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicator: Three months postoperation, patients in the two groups received electrophysiological examinations of sacrospinalis muscle at the surgical segment.
The t -test was performed to evaluate changes in surgical indicators, sacrospinalis muscle injury evaluation indicator, VAS scores, and ODI scores before and after surgery of the two groups.
The AMP ([micro]V), average discharge frequency of sacrospinalis muscle, and MR T2 relaxation time between groups were not significantly different ( P ≥ 0.
After the removal of the balloon, 2 working ports, 11 mm and 5 mm in size, were inserted under finger guidance, one in the renal angle just below the 12th rib at the lateral border of the sacrospinalis
muscle, and the other was inserted 11 mm above and anterior to the anterior superior iliac spine.
This has also been my experience with the needle, and it stands to reason--no stimulus would be expected with injection into the CSF or epidural vein, or other "soft spot" like the sacrospinalis
2,3] They are distributed inferiorly along the iliac crests, over and around the sacroiliac joints, and at the edges of the sacrospinalis
muscle (Figure 3).
Some scholars thought the scar tissue around dura mater of the spinal cord was originated from the posterior injured sacrospinalis and the anterior injured anulus fibrosus as well as the posterior longitudinal ligament.
sup] An ideal epidural isolation material should have good biocompatibility and exhibit the barrier effect for the sacrospinalis and fibrous tissue and optimal biological degradation function.