INTRODUCTION: Palatoscopy, or palatal rugoscopy, is the name given to the study of palatal rugae in order to establish a person's identity.
1] They have also cited in their article that palatal rugoscopy was first proposed in 1932 by a Spanish investigator named Trobo Hermisa.
Rugoscopy is rather simple technique not requiring any complex instrumentation .
Among the evidence taken from edentulous victims, the palatal rugoscopy is relatively easy to obtain from the confrontation of morphological characteristics, however, some events may contribute to changes, such as, the use of upper denture, which could eventually handicap the identification process (MARTINSFILHO et al.
In this way, the present study aimed to evaluate the applicability of the palatal rugoscopy as a method for human identification in Forensic Dentistry, according to the methodology described by Martins-dos-Santos (1946), in edentulous patients, with upper removable denture and in dentulous patients without dentures.
Therefore, human identification by mouth analysis is based on the existing data in both dental records, photograph of dental arches, dental casts, prosthetic devices and rugoscopy (ALVARES, 2005).
The palatal rugoscopy or palatoscopy is the process for human identification, by inspecting the transverse palatal rugae found in the palatal vault of the oral cavity (FRANCA, 2008).
Study of palatal rugae (PR) characteristics is a key area in any research involving rugoscopy and extensive literature is available on the different methods of acquisition of rugae.
Comparison of dental casts and digital images for rugoscopy is not new (Goracci et al, 2016).
Direct intraoral scanning and scanning of the palatal area of study models are equally reliable methods for rugoscopy.