rubeola


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rubeola

 [roo-be´o-lah, roo″be-o´lah]
a synonym of measles in English and of German measles in French and Spanish.

ru·be·o·la

(rū-bē'ō-lă, -bē-ō'lă), Although this word is correctly pronounced with the stress on the third-to-last syllable (rube'ola), the pronunciation with stress on the second-last syllable (rubeo'la) is more usual in the U.S. Do not confuse this word with rubella. The Spanish word rubeola refers not to rubeola but to rubella.
A term used for measles; not to be confused with rubella among English speakers.
[Mod. L. dim. of ruber, red, reddish]

rubeola

(ro͞o-bē′ə-lə, ro͞o′bē-ō′lə)
n.

ru·be′o·lar adj.

measles

A highly contagious viral infection, primarily of children, which is characterised by high fever, lethargy, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza and a maculopapular rash; it is prevented by vaccination.
 
Epidemiology
Measles kills ± 2 million children/year worldwide; it is airborne and can spread quickly, especially in elementary schools.

Diagnosis
Clinical history; epidemiologic evidence (i.e., other children have same complaints); direct examination of characteristic multinucleated giant cells from scrapings of buccal mucosa, by LM or fluorescence microscopy.
 
Lab
Lymphopenia; increased IgM anti-measles antibody.
 
Vaccination
See Measles vaccine.

Preventive measures
Large doses of vitamin A decreases mortality, hospital stay and co-morbidities (e.g., pneumonia, croup, diarrhoea) by 50%.

rubeola

Measles. see there. Cf Rubella.

mea·sles

(mē'zĕlz)
1. An acute exanthematous disease, caused by measles virus and marked by fever and other constitutional disturbances, a catarrhal inflammation of the respiratory mucous membranes, and a generalized maculopapular eruption of a dusky red color; the eruption occurs early on the buccal mucous membrane in the form of Koplik spots; incubation period is 10-12 days.
Synonym(s): morbilli, rubeola.
2. A disease of swine caused by the presence of Cysticercus cellulosae, the measle or larva of Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm.
3. A disease of cattle caused by the presence of C. bovis, the measle or larva of T. saginata, the beef tapeworm.
[D. maselen]

mea·sles, mumps, and ru·bel·la (MMR) vaccine

(mēz'elz mŭmps rū-bel'ă vak-sēn')
Combination of live attenuated forms of these viruses in an aqueous suspension.

rubeola

An alternative term for MEASLES.

ru·be·o·la

(rū'bē-ō'lă)
A term used for measles; not to be confused with rubella among English speakers.
[Mod. L. dim. of ruber, red, reddish]
References in periodicals archive ?
Debido a eso Macias Barrera sugiere que se apliquen vacunas contra fiebre amarilla, el sarampion, rubeola, paperas, tetanos, difteria, fiebre tifoidea, hepatitis A, y tratamiento antipaludico contra la malaria.
En cuanto a la seropositividad para VR, los datos obtenidos son semejantes a los reportados en otros estudios a nivel internacional y fundamentan el interes en continuar estudios de este tipo para monitorear el plan de inmunizacion para rubeola (14).
La retinitis en "Sal y Pimienta" (SPR) en el recien nacido es el resultado de la atrofia y migracion de areas de epitelio pigmentario retiniano, clasicamente asociado a enfermedades infecciosas congenitas como rubeola o sifilis; (1,2) mientras en el adulto se ha descrito como efecto secundario a farmacos como la tioridazina, cloroquina y deferoxamina.
Portaria 71/2006 Aprova o Protocolo clinico e diretrizes terapeuticas-- Hipoparatireoidismo Portaria 1.315/2008 Institui Comite Nacional de Mobilizacao Social para Eliminacao da Rubeola e da Sindrome da Rubeola Congenita no Brasil Portaria 14/2010 Aprova o Protocolo clinico e diretrizes terapeuticas-- Hipoparatireoidismo (atualizacao) Portaria 56/2010 Aprova o Protocolo clinico e diretrizes terapeuticas-- Hipotireoidismo congenito.
Infection characterized by fever and rash: Measles (Rubeola).
Actualmente, las nuevas vacunas contra sarampion, paperas y rubeola (MMR--triple viral) son las mas asociadas con ADEM posinmunizacion; su incidencia es de uno a dos casos por millon de vacunas con virus vivo atenuado administradas.
Measles is an acute infectious disease of children, also known as rubeola, caused by paramyxovirus which is a single stranded enveloped RNA virus.1 According to WHO, it remains one of the leading causes of death among children globally, approximately 158000 people mostly children under the age of five died from measles in 2011.2 Recently, Pakistan witnessed measles epidemic particularly in the province of Sindh from January 2012 to February 2013, 19,048 suspected measles cases with 463 deaths of children were reported throughout the country.
Dentro de los factores ambientales se ha descrito una asociacion entre la presencia de autismo con la aplicacion de vacunas contra el sarampion, rubeola y paperas, aunque sin mucho soporte cientifico, al igual que la alta circulacion de glucocorticoides, hormonas esteroides que inhiben la absorcion de glucosa, tiene un efecto negativo en el cerebro de los ninos cuando se presentan en excesivas cantidades.
" Measles, also known as Rubeola, is a highly infectious viral illness.
RUBEOLA Rubeola is another name for measles and is much more serious than German measles.
El ultimo caso endemico de rubeola ocurrio en 2009.