rotavirus infection

rotavirus infection

Virology RI is usually mild, but may be severe in children ≤ 2 yrs due to intense vomiting Morbidity > 870,000 children < age 5 die of rotavirus infection in developing countries, in contrast to 75 to 150 in the US Epidemiology Transmitted by fecal-oral route Clinical Diarrhea of 2-12 days duration; rotavirus causes 30–60% of gastroenteritis in children, it is a major cause of epidemic and endemic gastroenteritis, including traveler's diarrhea; RI in immunocompromised Pts may disseminate and involve the liver and kidney Management Symptomatic, rehydration Prevention Vaccine. See Astrovirus, Rotavirus vaccine, VP2, VP4, VP6, VP7, West-to-East phenomenon. Cf Norwalk virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Porcine small intestinal enteroids will be used to identify histo-blood group antigens-expressing and antigens-binding bacteria, and to evaluate their ability to block rotavirus infection. Neonatal piglets will be used to evaluate the effects of probiotic-histo-blood group antigens interactions on protection against viral infections.
Before the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in the United States in 2006, rotavirus infection was the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis among U.S.
Epidemiological profile of rotavirus infection in the Republic of Korea: results from prospective surveillance in the Jeongeub District, 1 July 2002 through 30 June 2004.
There is no specific treatment for rotavirus infection, although oral rehydration therapy is recommended to prevent dehydration, she added.
Children with a rotavirus infection experience severe acute gastroenteritis.
One of the vaccines he developed helps protect against gastroenteritis caused by Rotavirus infection, which causes diarrhea in children.
Objective: To determine frequency of rotavirus infection in children under 2 years of age presenting with acute watery diarrhea at tertiary care hospital.
Result of Rotavirus Infection. A total of 186 diarrheic children were analyzed for rotavirus, and 73 (39.2%) were found to be positive for rotavirus antigen by ELISA.
Dehydration and electrolyte disturbances are the major clinical sequel of rotavirus infection occurring mostly among infants.
In humans, group A rotavirus infection has been associated with acute encephalitis, although this association is based only on observational findings (6-9).
The present findings revealed rotavirus infection in calves in Pakistan that needs to be addressed using vaccine and improving livestock management.