rotavirus


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Related to rotavirus: norovirus, rotavirus gastroenteritis

rotavirus

 [ro´tah-vi″rus]
any member of a genus of reoviruses that have a wheellike appearance; they are transmitted by the fecal-oral route and cause acute gastroenteritis and diarrhea in infants and young children. There are 6 different antigenic groups.

ro·ta·vi·rus

(rō'tă-vī'rŭs),
A group of RNA viruses (family Reoviridae) wheellike in appearance, which comprise a genus, Rota virus, which includes the human gastroenteritis viruses (a major cause of infant diarrhea throughout the world). Separated into groups A-F, rotaviruses can infect a number of vertebrates. They are fastidious, and in vitro culture is difficult.
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

rotavirus

(rō′tə-vī′rəs)
n. pl. rotavi·ruses
Any of a genus of wheel-shaped reoviruses, including one that causes gastroenteritis, especially in infants and newborn animals.

Ro·ta·vi·rus

(rō'tă-vī'rŭs)
A genus of RNA viruses that includes the human gastroenteritis viruses (a major cause of infant diarrhea throughout the world).
Synonym(s): gastroenteritis virus type B.
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

ro·ta·vi·rus

(Rv, RV) (rō'tă-vī'rŭs)
A group of RNA viruses of wheellike appearance, which comprise a genus, Rotavirus, which includes the human gastroenteritis viruses (a major cause of infant diarrhea throughout the world).
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]

Ro·ta·vi·rus

(rō'tă-vī'rŭs)
A genus of RNA viruses that includes the human gastroenteritis viruses.
Synonym(s): gastroenteritis virus type B.
[L. rota, wheel, + virus]
References in periodicals archive ?
Rotavirus is the leading cause of morbidity and death from severe diarrhoea in children worldwide.
Introduction of the rotavirus vaccination should decrease incidence of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis and prevent fatalities from the deceases.
He also said that diarrhea is one of the biggest reasons for death in children, and rotavirus is one of the most common causes of severe diarrhea in toddlers less than two years of age.
A meta-analysis reported that rotavirus vaccination markedly increased the risk of developing intussusception, with relative risk within one week of the first dose being 5.71 (95% confidence interval, 4.50-7.25).4 An Indian study identified odds ratio of 1.34 (not statistically significant) of confirmed intussusception in vaccine-recipients versus placebo-recipients; however incidence rate varied by geography.5
Results of all enzyme immunoassay (EIA) tests for rotavirus conducted during July 2000-June 2018 were obtained from laboratories participating in NREVSS.
Rotarix is a monovalent vaccine of rotavirus strain G1P8 attenuated in Vero cell culture.
Bu calismada, AGE on tanisiyla hastaneye basvuran hastalardan alinan diski orneklerinde rotavirus ve adenovirus antijenlerinin arastirilmasi ve bunlarin cinsiyete, yasa ve mevsimlere gore dagiliminin belirlenmesi amaclanmistir.
There is no specific treatment for rotavirus infection, although oral rehydration therapy is recommended to prevent dehydration, she added.
Over half (52%, or 421 out of 809 cases) of the cases in the pre-rotavirus period (2006-2009) were due to rotavirus. Immediately after the institution of the vaccine (2009-2011) the rate fell to 26% (86 of 330 cases).
of stools per day were 6.62 +- 1.92 in children whose stools for Rotavirus antigen were positive in 174 (70.7%) patients, no.
Although epidemiological data are available in relation to bacterial and parasitic diarrhea, this is not the case for viral diarrhea in general and particularly for rotavirus diarrhea where no data are available.
The first-line preventive strategy for rotavirus infection is the development of vaccines against the virus.