rotator cuff

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rotator cuff

1. An anatomical structure composed of the tendons of four muscles that control rotation of the shoulder and of parts of the capsule of the shoulder joint.
2. The set of four muscles that control rotation of the shoulder.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

rotator cuff

The tendinous structure around the shoulder joint consisting of the tendons of four adjacent muscles blended with the capsule of the joint. Tearing or degeneration of any of these fibres may cause the common, painful and disabling rotator cuff syndrome in which there may be inability to raise the arm in a particular direction. Surgical repair may be necessary.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Patient discussion about rotator cuff

Q. what does c4-5 mild central disk bulging impinging upon cervical cord without spinal stenosis or distortion of the cord . mild righ neural foraminal narrowing from uncovertebral joint hypertropy mean

A. Well this basically means there is a very small narrowing of the cervical (your neck area) spinal canal (where the spinal cord is), however the narrowing does not cause any damage to the spinal cord, therefore probably does not cause any major symptoms involving the nerves. The c4-5 bulging part refers to the part in between the two cervical vertebras c4 and c5, in which the disc (a part in the spinal cord) is sliding a bit side-ways, but again, it does not seem to be causing any trouble.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Proinflammatory cytokines and metalloproteases are expressed in the subacromial bursa in patients with rotator cuff disease.
"Even though the stem cells obtained from the rotator cuff muscles and the calf are thought to be the same kind of muscle stem cells, we wanted to determine if these cells are different in how their development is controlled," Schubert said, "Which may provide insight for why fat tends to accumulate more in rotator cuff muscles."
Since oxygen is essential to all parts of the body, reduced oxygen increases the risk of a rotator cuff tear and makes healing more difficult.
Dead men and radiologists don't lie: a review of cadaveric and radiological studies of rotator cuff tear prevalence.
The patient agreed to go to physical therapy to work on rotator cuff strengthening.
Ultrasonographic measurement of rotator cuff tendon thickness on affected side showed significant improvement following the rehabilitation programme (p value being 0.0001), change at unaffected side was insignificant.
These results suggested that SVF could promote repair of tendon-bone after operation for rupture of the rotator cuff in rabbits.
Current research aims to identify molecular expression pattern differences in individuals with non-healing rotator cuff repairs.
MRI of the shoulder joint has achieved wide acceptance due to the sensitivity and specificity of MR in detection of rotator cuff pathologies and impingement syndrome.
Traven, an orthopedic surgeon at the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, and her associates reported that 392 of the 4,959 patients required rotator cuff repair revision within the following 3 years.
A total of 60 Spanish-speaking patients from Fundacion Valle del Lili (Cali, Colombia), with rotator cuff pathology (tendinitis, partial tear or complete tear) were included in the study.
A rotator cuff tear is when one or more of these tendons tears or detaches from the bone.