rostral

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Related to rostrally: proximal

rostral

 [ros´tral]
1. pertaining to, resembling, or having a rostrum or beak.
2. situated toward a rostrum (oral and nasal region). In humans this may mean superior (in relationships of areas of the spinal cord) or anterior (in relationships of brain areas).
rostral spread the distribution of a narcotic within the cerebrospinal fluid during epidural administration; it is determined by fat and water solubility properties of the narcotic.

ros·tral

(ros'trăl), [TA]
1. Relating to any rostrum or anatomic structure resembling a beak.
2. At the head end.
Synonym(s): rostralis [TA]
[L. rostralis, fr. rostrum, beak]

rostral

(rŏs′trəl, rô′strəl)
adj.
1. Anatomy At, near, or toward the head, especially the front of the head: the rostral prefrontal cortex.
2. Of or relating to a rostrum.

ros′tral·ly adv.

ros·tral

(ros'trăl) [TA]
Relating to any rostrum or anatomic structure resembling a beak.
[L. rostralis, fr. rostrum, beak]

Patient discussion about rostral

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about rostral
References in periodicals archive ?
It fused rostrally with both caudal communicating arteries in the median plane and gave off arteries suppling the pons, labyrinthine artery and caudal and rostral cerebellar arteries (Fig.
The squamosal region is projected rostrally and forms the zygomatic process (Proc.
After making an approximately 3 cm retroauricular skin incision (Figure la), the auricle was gently pulled rostrally and the trapezius muscle, great auricular nerve and parotid gland were identified under the thin layer of platysma muscle (Figure lb).
In the IPL, mouth motor acts are represented rostrally, hand and arm motor acts are represented caudally, and leg motor acts are represented even more caudally and dorsally, extending into the superior parietal lobule.
S3 was positioned by measuring 9 cm rostrally from the tip of the coccyx, and one finger width from the midline or one finger width from the intersection between the bilateral sciatic notch connection and the midline.
(2) This cluster extends rostrally to include the supplementary motor area, caudally to include the precentral gyrus, and medially to include the insula.
Closure 1 occurs adjacent to somite 3 in embryos with 6-7 somites and progresses rostrally and caudally, closure 2 occurs at the midbrain-forebrain boundary at around the 10-somite stage and progresses caudally, and closure 3 occurs at the rostral end of the forebrain, soon after closure 2.
Additionally, according to several reports, acupuncture treatment stimulates the vagus nerve and the nucleus of the tractus solitarius, which subsequently modulate the opioid receptors and project rostrally to the hypothalamus, amygdala, dorsal raphe nucleus, nucleus ambiguus, parabrachial nucleus, and thalamus in the amygdala, thus modulating any imbalance in the autonomic nervous system and making acupuncture effective for treating disorders of the autonomic nervous system, such as insomnia [40].
Bilateral internal jugular veins (IJVs) were examined initially through longitudinal and cross-sectional views from the proximal part of the neck base rostrally to the distal part at the submandibular level to detect spontaneous JVR.
Physical examination revealed cogwheel rigidity in the upper limbs and impaired vibration sense which was absent in the lower limbs, reduced rostrally to the level of the anterior superior iliac spine.
The frontal region articulates rostrally with the nasal region via the zona flexoria craniofacialis (ZFC) (Fig.