root planing


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planing

 [pla´ning]
1. abrasion of disfigured skin to promote reepithelization with minimal scarring; done by mechanical means (dermabrasion) or by application of a caustic (chemabrasion). See also plastic surgery.
root planing smoothing of the root surface of a tooth after subgingival scaling or débridement.

root plan·ing

(rūt plān'ing),
In dentistry, abrading of rough root surfaces to achieve a smooth surface.

root planing

root plan·ing

(rūt plān'ing)
In dentistry, abrading of rough root surfaces to achieve a smooth surface.

root

1. the descending and subterranean part of a plant.
2. that portion of an organ, such as a tooth, hair or nail, that is buried in the tissues, or by which it arises from another structure, or the part of a nerve that is adjacent to the center to which it is connected, e.g. root of neck, root of tail.

calcified root canal
restriction of the diameter of the root canal due to calicification; seen in older animals.
root canal
that part of the dental pulp cavity extending from the pulp chamber to the apical foramen. Called also pulp canal.
root canal therapy
dental root elevator
screwdriver-shaped instrument with a grooved and beveled blade. By pushing the tip of the blade between the tooth root and the alveolar wall the periodontal membrane is broken and the root is elevated and removed.
dorsal root
the sensory division of each spinal nerve, attached centrally to the spinal cord and joining peripherally with the ventral root to form the nerve before it emerges from the intervertebral foramen.
hair root
the part of the hair buried in the hair follicle.
mesenteric root
the small area of attachment of the mesentery to the dorsal abdominal wall at about the level of the first lumbar vertebrae. It encloses the vessels and nerves that supply the intestine.
motor root
ventral root.
nerve r's
the series of paired bundles of nerve fibers which emerge at each side of the spinal cord, termed dorsal (or posterior) or ventral (or anterior) according to their position. A series of dorsal and ventral roots join to form a spinal nerve. Certain cranial nerves, e.g. the trigeminal, also have nerve roots.
penis root
the attachment of the penis by two crura to the lateral parts of the ischial arch.
root perforation
an accidental occurrence when filing a root canal.
root planing
see dental planing.
sensory root
dorsal root.
root signature
referred pain down a limb, causing lameness or elevation of the limb, resulting from entrapment of the spinal nerve, usually by an extruded intervertebral disk.
root sheath cuticle
single layer of cornified cells of the hair follicle interdigitating with the cornified cells of the hair cuticle.
tongue root
caudal part of the tongue attached to the hyoid bone, soft palate and pharynx.
ventral root
the motor division of each spinal nerve, attached centrally to the spinal cord and joining peripherally with the dorsal root to form the nerve before it emerges from the intervertebral foramen.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is estimated that dental hygienists working in periodontal practices rendered an average of 4 times as many scaling and root planing services than those working with general dentists, and 21 times more periodontal maintenance therapies.
When these factors are taken in account, diode laser can be considered as an interesting alternative to conventional scaling and root planing in periodontal treatment.
Multicenter evaluation of adjunctive tetracycline fiber therapy used in conjunction with scaling and root planing in maintenance patients: Clinical results.
The greatest reduction occurred from baseline to visit 1, where the first re-evaluation took place after scaling and root planing (Table II).
Subjects were excluded if periodontal inclusion criteria were not met, if they had received prophylaxis or scaling and root planing SRP of the study teeth within 1 year prior to the study, if antibiotic premedication was required, or if they had taken antibiotics within 30 days of consent.
Conclusion: Clinical and laboratory responses were similar in DM and NDM groups 3 months after full-mouth scaling and root planing.
9) ADA also states that the intentional removal of the epithelial lining of the sulcus (sulcular debridement) offers no benefit beyond scaling and root planing alone, (8) therefore laser-mediated sulcular debridement has no clearly proven clinical value.
Since bacterial plaque on subgingival calculus is one of the primary etiologic factors in periodontal disease, increased lighting could allow the dental hygienist to perform more definitive treatment during scaling and root planing.
In this pilot study, there were no significant clinical differences in pocket depth and clinical attachment levels following a timed scaling and root planing of 20 minutes versus a mean unlimited scaling and root planing time of 54.
Use of topical and local anesthetics for scaling and root planing also was not associated with an increased risk of experiencing these adverse events and outcomes.
Following the comprehensive review of "professionally administered oral hygiene procedures," one workshop group concluded that scaling and root planing of shallow crevices (<3.
However, I am not aware of any well-designed, sufficiently powered, blinded and randomized clinical trials that have been conducted that have established the safety and efficacy of povidone-iodine as an adjunct to scaling and root planing for the treatment of periodontitis, and none were referenced in the article.