Risk indicators associated with root caries
in independently living older adults.
Risk indicators of coronal and root caries
in Greek middle aged adults and senior citizens.
Interestingly, root caries
were present in only 13% of teeth, despite the high prevalence of periodontitis.
Another study investigated preventing the development of root caries
in the geriatric population living in senior homes.
Reduced salivary flow can lead to multiple problems such as root caries
, periodontal disease, inability to chew food properly, loss of taste sensation, and often ultimate tooth loss.
Reversal of primary root caries
using dentifrices containing 5,000 and 1,100 ppm fluoride.
In vitro growth, acidogenicity and cariogenicity of predominant human root caries
occur when these bacteria invade the tooth root below the gum line.
There are also some physical factors that affect ECM results; these factors include temperature of the tooth, thickness of the tissue, and the hydration of the material.6 A clinical trial on root caries
suggested that dentine may be a more suitable tissue for ECM.11,12 There is also a good evidence to suggest that ECM is capable of longitudinal monitoring and, clinicians may use the device to monitor attempts at re-mineralization, till root caries
lesions are possible arrested.11 Another application of electronic monitoring of caries is Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS).
Evidenced-based guidelines on the use of professionally applied fluoride agents has found that fluoride varnish or APF Gel applied every six months is beneficial in preventing root caries
When root caries
is a concern, since dentine is more soluble than enamel, fluoride toothpaste is expected to be less effective in controlling dentin caries than in controlling enamel caries.
The third study evaluated the effects of probiotics and fluoride on root caries
in 4 groups of elderly adults.