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room

 [ro̳m]
a place in a building enclosed and set apart for occupancy or for the performance of certain procedures.
birthing room a hospital room that is utilized for labor and delivery. It is decorated in a homelike, comfortable fashion and contains a specially equipped bed that can be adjusted for delivery. Specialized equipment is often concealed.
emergency room popular term for emergency department.
labor, delivery, recovery room a birthing room or suite so equipped that a patient can remain in the same room throughout the birthing experience.
labor, delivery, recovery, postpartum room a birthing room or suite so equipped that a patient can remain in the same room throughout the birthing experience and into the postpartum period.
operating room one especially equipped for the performance of surgical operations.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

room

(room)
An area or space in a building, partitioned off for occupancy or available for specific procedures.

anechoic room

A room in which the boundaries are made so that all sound produced in the room is absorbed, i.e., is not reflected.

birthing room

A room in which an obstetrical mother may be placed during the first stage of labor.
Synonym: labor room

clean room

A controlled environment facility in which all incoming air passes through a filter capable of removing 99.97% of all particles 0.3µ m and larger. The temperature, pressure, and humidity in the room are controlled. Clean rooms are used in research and in controlling infections, esp. for persons who may not have normally functioning immune systems (e.g., individuals who have been treated with immunosuppressive drugs in preparation for organ transplantation).

In very rare instances a child is born without the ability to develop an immune system. Such children are kept in a clean room while waiting for specific therapy such as bone marrow transplantation.

delivery room

A room to which an obstetrical patient may be taken for childbirth.

dust-free room

A type of room designed to eliminate or reduce circulating particulate matter, including airborne microorganisms. This kind of room is useful for housing burn patients, removing allergens from the air, providing an environment for transplantation surgery, and preparing drugs and solutions for intravenous use.

labor room

Birthing room.

operating room

A room used and equipped for surgical procedures (e.g., in a hospital, surgicenter, or doctor's office).

pharmaceutical clean room

A controlled, typically aseptic environment within a pharmacy in which the concentration of airborne particles is reduced by particle filtration and by air locks or positive pressure ventilation and in which surfaces are easily cleaned or decontaminated. It is used to compound sterile drugs and infusions for dispensing. Operators within the clean room wear gowns, hoods, and masks to avoid shedding cellular debris.

recovery room

An area provided with equipment and nurses needed to care for immediately postoperative patients.

Patient care

Patients remain there until they regain consciousness, are no longer drowsy and stuporous from the effects of the anesthesia, and have stable vital signs. Patients who are being discharged from a short stay recovery area should also be able to tolerate oral fluids and void without difficulty.

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in classic literature ?
But what interested Dorothy most was the big throne of green marble that stood in the middle of the room. It was shaped like a chair and sparkled with gems, as did everything else.
The eyes winked three times, and then they turned up to the ceiling and down to the floor and rolled around so queerly that they seemed to see every part of the room. And at last they looked at Dorothy again.
The bricks are too cold for 'em, and the heat of the room is just what they like." He put his hands to the corner of the cloth and ripped the rotten stuff from the cornice.
I saw the ceiling-cloth nearly in the centre of the room bag with a shape that was pressing it downward and downward toward the lighted lamps on the table.
The guest reclined, inert, upon a chair, while the room, confused in speech as though it were an apartment in Babel, tried to discourse to him of its divers tenantry.
"'I went to the donjon in search of my ladder, and in the lower part of the donjon which serves me and the gardener for a lumber room, I found the door open and the ladder gone.
She had answered the bell, and had seen him locking and unlocking, now in one room, now in another, but oftenest in the library.
It was past eleven o'clock that evening when old Enoch, talking to George Willard in the room in the Heffner Block, came to the vital thing, the story of the woman and of what drove him out of the city to live out his life alone and defeated in Winesburg.
The room was empty; the breakfast--a substantial repast of coffee, eggs, and a cold ham--lay spread upon the table untouched, as when she had taken it up, excepting that the carving-knife was missing.
"My father," she whispered, "often walks about the room in this way; it is nothing unusual."
Most eagerly of all her mind turned to the wondrously exciting problem about to be solved: behind which of all these fascinating doors was waiting now her room--the dear, beautiful room full of curtains, rugs, and pictures, that was to be her very own?
She was again in the room in which I had witnessed her Will, resting on the sofa, and trying to get a little sleep.