rolandic epilepsy

ro·lan·dic ep·i·lep·sy

a benign, autosomal dominant form of epilepsy occurring in children, characterized clinically by arrest of speech, muscular contractions of the side of the face and arm, and epileptic discharges electroencephalographically.
[Luigi Rolando]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ro·lan·dic ep·i·lepsy

(rō-lahn'dik ep'i-lep'sē)
A benign, autosomal dominant form of epilepsy occurring in children, characterized clinically by arrest of speech, by muscular contractions of the side of the face and arm, and by epileptic discharges electroencephalographically.
[Luigi Rolando]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Luigi, Italian anatomist, 1773-1831.
fissure of Rolando - a double S-shaped fissure extending obliquely upward and backward on the lateral surface of each cerebral hemisphere at the boundary between frontal and parietal lobes. Synonym(s): central sulcus
rolandic epilepsy - a benign autosomal dominant form of epilepsy occurring in children.
Rolando angle - the angle at which the fissure of Rolando meets with the midplane.
Rolando area - the region of the cerebral cortex most immediately influencing movements of the face, neck and trunk, arm, and leg. Synonym(s): motor cortex
Rolando cells - the nerve cells in Rolando gelatinous substance of the spinal cord.
Rolando column - a slight ridge on either side of the medulla oblongata related to the descending trigeminal tract and nucleus.
Rolando gelatinous substance - the apical part of the posterior horn of the spinal cord's gray matter, composed largely of very small nerve cells. Synonym(s): gelatinous substance
Rolando tubercle - a longitudinal prominence on the dorsolateral surface of the medulla oblongata along the lateral border of the tuberculum cuneatum. Synonym(s): tuberculum cinereum
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
He added that there are currently 14 regular MAIP patients undergoing medical treatment and diagnosis such as post partum eclampsia vs seizure disorder, fracture for orif plating, kidney failure, pneumothorax, cdv bleeding, G403 incomplete abortion, DHN, NSTEMI, pneumonia and seizure disorder t/c Rolandic epilepsy.
Sakakihara, "Patients with benign rolandic epilepsy have a longer duration of somatosensory evoked high-frequency oscillations," Pediatrics International, vol.
It was followed by feelings of panic, fear and bewilderment, 999 calls, tests, an overnight stay at Glasgow's Yorkhill Hospital for Matthew and my wife Lisa, further seizures and, after an electroencephalogram (EEG) and an appointment with a consultant, a diagnosis of Benign Rolandic Epilepsy.
The best practice is to obtain MRI in all patients with epilepsy with the exception of those with a definite diagnosis of idiopathic generalised epilepsy or benign rolandic epilepsy of childhood with centro-temporal spikes, the principle role of MRI is in the definition of structural abnormalities that underlie seizure disorders.
Quality of life of children with benign rolandic epilepsy. Pediatric Neurology, 35(4), 240-245.
Berroya et al., "Memory and phonological awareness in children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy compared to a matched control group," Epilepsy Research, vol.
For instance, deducing from the fact that concordance between siblings being low or non-existent, benign rolandic epilepsy, Panayiotopoulos Syndrome, and Gastaut type of childhood occipital epilepsy syndrome were classified under the 'unknown' heading.
Benign rolandic epilepsy is idiopathic, with a probable genetic predisposition, and generally surfaces in otherwise healthy, cognitively normal children between the ages of 5 and 8 years.
Considering diagnosis and treatment in turn, they examine such topics as new onset focal and generalized epilepsy in an elderly patient, epileptic falling seizures associated with seizure-induced cardiac asystole in drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy, epileptic negative myoclonus in benign rolandic epilepsy, carefully combining medications for women with gastric reflux, and functional hemispherotomy for drug-resistant post-traumatic epilepsy.