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the science of designing exact mechanical, computerized instruments for procedures.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
robotics(rō-bŏ′ tĭks) [Czech robot, robot]
1. The science and technology of using computerized or automated devices to perform functions that are either too difficult or too repetitive to perform manually. Robotics has numerous applications in health care. Surgeons use automated devices to improve control of their instruments, including scalpels and laparoscopes. Researchers use robots in experiments requiring repetitive tasks (e.g., sample analysis for the presence of minute concentrations of drugs or toxins).
2. The design, manufacture, and use of robots.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
roboticsThe branch of technology concerned with the development of machines capable of performing complex tasks of a kind normally limited to humans. Robotic machines of limited function controlled by computer have now become commonplace in the manufacturing industries, but the expected development of anthropomorphic or humanoid robots, in the manner predicted by the writer Karel Capek in his 1921 novel Rossum's Universal Robots, has not been fulfilled in any but a trivial sense. Robotics is now impinging on surgery and is likely to be important in the future.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005