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eucalyptus

,

Blue gum

(trade name),

Eucalyptus folium

(trade name),

Eucalyptus fructicetroum

(trade name),

Eucalyptus globulus

(trade name),

Eucalyptus polybractea

(trade name),

Eucalyptus smithii

(trade name),

gum tree

(trade name),

red gum

(trade name),

stringy bark tree

(trade name),

Tasmanium blue gum

(trade name)

Classification

Therapeutic: antiasthmatics
Topical: Rheumatic complaints, nasal congestion, mouthwash, antiseptic, dentifrice Oral: Asthma; expectorant and cough suppressant; antiseptic

Action

The volatile oil, eucalyptol, stimulates secretion of saliva, promoting antitussive effects. It is a mild antispasmodic and antibacterial. It is a counterirritant, providing topical analgesia.

Therapeutic effects

Relief of cough.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Half-life: Unknown.

Time/action profile

ROUTEONSETPEAKDURATION
PO, Topicalunknownunknownunknown

Contraindications/Precautions

Contraindicated in: Inflammation of the GI tract and bile ducts; serious liver diseases; hypotension; kidney inflammation; do not apply to face, especially the nose, of babies and young children; Hypersensitivity.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation (do not use in greater amounts than found in food); children (↑ susceptibility to toxic effects of oil); Ingestion of as little as 2-3 mL of essential oil may be toxic; greater amounts may be fatal. Alcohol-containing products should be used cautiously in patients with known intolerance or liver disease; Diabetes (leaf may have hypoglycemic activity).

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Central nervous system

  • cyanosis
  • delirium
  • drowsiness
  • seizures (overdose) (life-threatening)

Endocrinologic

  • hypoglycemia

Gastrointestinal

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • epigastric pain

Respiratory

  • dyspnea
  • PULMONARY EDEMA (overdose) (life-threatening)

Interactions

May induce liver enzymes and ↓ efficacy of hepatically metabolized drugs ; May interfere with blood glucose control and antidiabetic drugs.Alcohol -containing preparations may interact with disulfiram and metronidazole.↑ toxicity when used with other pyrrolizidine alkaloid -containing herbs, including: alkanna, borage, Crotolaria spp, gravel root, Heliotropium spp, hemp agrimony, Henecio spp, hound’s tongue, petasites, colt’s foot, and Senecio species plants: dusty miller, alpine ragwort, groundsel, golden ragwort, and tansy ragwort.
Oral (Adults) Asthma-200 mg of eucalyptol constituent of eucalyptus oil tid; Oil—300–600 mg eucalyptus oil per day and 0.05 mL–0.2 mL per dose; leaf—steep 2 g of leaf in 150 mL boiling water and strain. One cup of tea can be taken QD-TID; tincture (hydroalcoholic)—3–9 g/day.
Topical (Adults and Children) Avoid use of undiluted essential oil. Essential oil diluted in vegetable oil is preferred (5–20%). Apply as needed to affected area. Do not apply to face, especially the nose, of babies and young children.

Availability

Bulk leaf: OTC
tincture: OTC
essential oil: OTC
diluted essential oil (5-20%): OTC

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess frequency and nature of cough and consistency and color of sputum. Unless contraindicated encourage fluid intake of 1500– 2000 mL per day to decrease viscosity of secretions and facilitate expectoration.
  • Monitor blood sugar in diabetics.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Ineffective airway clearance (Indications)
Deficient knowledge, related to medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)

Implementation

  • Dilute the oral and topical formulations before use.
  • Do not apply the topical formulation on the face, especially the nose, in infants and young children.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Warn patients with chronic respiratory conditions or other medical co-morbidities not to take this herbal supplement without the advice of their health care provider.
  • Caution diabetics that use of this herbal supplement may interfere with glycemic control.
  • Inform patients that some formulations contain alcohol.
  • Instruct patients that if diarrhea, nausea, vomiting or epigastric pain develops to stop this herbal supplement and report this to their health care provider.
  • Advise patient to consult health care professional if cough is unresponsive cough or persistent cold symptoms occur.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Decrease in intensity and frequency of cough.
Drug Guide, © 2015 Farlex and Partners

eu·ca·lyp·tus gum

a dried gummy exudation from Eucalyptus rostrata and other species of Eucalyptus (family Myrtaceae); used as an astringent (in gargles and troches) and as an antidiarrheal agent.
Synonym(s): red gum
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

red gum

The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are now many groups committed to the restoration and protection of Australia's unique river red gum forests.
'At Barmah Forest, we are concentrating on the major changes in native vegetation in recent years, and the implications of these changes for the functioning of the river red gum forest,' says Dr Matt Colloff from CSIRO.
In a significant win for ACF, however, our call for emergency watering of the stressed River Red Gums was answered.
You can learn more about ACF's work to save the Murray at www.acfonline.org.au/rivers STRESSED MURRAY: FAST FACTS Litres of water approved to flow under the Living Murray Initiative: 500 billion Litres of water needed to have some chance to return the river to health at least: 1500 billion Litres of real water that have flowed so far from the Living Murray Initiative infrastructure projects 0 Percentage of River Red Gums stressed or dying 75% Curlew Sandpiper in the Coorong (1980s) 40,000 Curlew Sandpipers in the Coorong today 2,000
That's time severely stressed ecosystems like the Coorong and River Red Gum wetlands may not have to spare.
River red gums and she-oaks have declined to extremely low numbers on the Murrumbidgee River upstream of Wagga Wagga.
The image of the beautiful river red gums kept growing in my soul; it was a matter of love, becoming stronger with the passing of time.
It is about the historical ecology of the River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis, and thus considers the effects of historical events on this iconic species and across its broader landscape.
It beautifully contextualises the importance of the River Red Gum to Australia and Australians:
The river red gum, this glorious and extraordinary tree, is of far wider importance than just to environmental biologists and natural resource managers concerned with its adaptations to extremes of drought and flood.
In 2010, 170,000 hectares of the iconic River Red Gum wetland forests along the Murray, Murrumbidgee and Lachlan rivers have been gazette as new reserves, including new Indigenous protected areas and joint management agreements for Traditional Owners.