2) Disease-related: This includes right atrial isomerism, associated CHD, type of TAPVR (supra, infra, cardiac and mixed varieties).
The conclusion of most of these studies highlights the limited diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography in the mixed variety and in association with right atrial isomerism, as was demonstrated in this study.
Right atrial isomerism
(iso 'equal' and meros 'part') is diagnosed when two morphologically right atria are associated with their right-sided atrial appendages.
Matsuhisa, "Sutureless pericardial repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection in patients with right atrial isomerism
," Interactive Cardio Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, vol.
Although the operation was successful, Honey-Rose's health problems include right atrial isomerism
and pulmonary atresia.
Evie has right atrial isomerism, a condition so rare that there are thought to be only two other cases in the UK.
RARECONDITION RARE CONDITION MEANS DANGER RIGHT atrial isomerism is thought to affect only around four babies in a million worldwide.
The couple said that a consultant at Yorkhill Hospital, Glasgow, agreed the heart defect - known as right atrial isomerism - should have been spotted.
as right atrial isomerism known with cardiovascular or asplenia it is a congenital Babies anomalies, are condition.
Cardiac rhythm and symptomatic arrhythmia in right atrial isomerism
. Am Heart J 2002; 144:159-164.
Situs ambiguous was divided into two major subtypes: left atrial isomerism and right atrial isomerism. These were categorized based on the following echocardiographic criteria: a diagnosis of left atrial isomerism was made if there was an interrupted inferior caval vein with azygous continuation and anterior located descending aorta according to azygous vein, and a diagnosis of right atrial isomerism was made if the inferior caval vein and aorta was both located on the right or left side of the spine in parallel anteroposterior orientation (8,9).
Of six cases with situs ambiguous, five had left atrial isomerism and one right atrial isomerism. This study demonstrated significant predominance of fetuses diagnosed with left atrial isomerism.