We analyzed county-level PCR ribotype
diversity by using the Simpson reciprocal index, 1/D.
The following data were recorded for each patient: demographics, origin and outcome of CDI, and detection of CDI toxins and ribotype
. Hospital prevalence rates were calculated per 10.000 patient-days.
It should be pointed out that more than half of the CDI identified by PCR were ribotype
Evaluation of taxa-specific real-time PCR, whole-cell FISH and morphotaxonomy analyses for the detection and quantification of the toxic microalgae Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae), Global Clade ribotype
. FEMS Microbiol.
However, at 85 and 96[degrees]C heat exerted a major selective effect, favoring PCR ribotype
078 while completely inhibiting ATCC-9689 spores (Figure 3(c), pie charts).
Clostridium difficile ribotypes
027 and 106: clinical outcomes and risk factors.
baumannii clonal outbreaks have been detected in cities like New York with a ribotype
identical to one reported in Spain, but with a different PFGE pattern35.
Discriminant analysis of ribotype
profiles of Escherichia colii for differentiating human and nonhuman sources of fecal pollution.
-- Clostridium difficile ribotype
078 is an emerging hypervirulent strain increasingly implicated in the sharp surge in community-acquired C.
Many of the most severe cases of CDAD are caused by a new epidemic strain of bacteria, termed North American Pulsed Field type 1 (NAP1) and PCR ribotype
"There are a number of possible explanations for this including an increased incidence of viral gastroenteritis outbreaks in the winter, plus the introduction of a new strain of C.diff known as ribotype
027 into Wales and increased testing for and Vale NHS Trust, said: "We are unable to go into detail about individual cases but my condolences to Dale Harry and his family.
The team have had to close down a ward to fight the spread of C-diff and the more aggressive ribotype