rib


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rib

 [rib]
any of the paired bones, 12 on either side, extending from the thoracic vertebrae toward the median line on the ventral aspect of the trunk, forming the major part of the thoracic skeleton. Called also costa. See anatomic Table of Bones in the Appendices.
abdominal r's (asternal r's) false ribs.
cervical rib a supernumerary rib arising from a cervical vertebra.
false r's the five lower ribs on either side, not attached directly to the sternum.
floating r's the two lower false ribs on either side, usually without ventral attachment.
slipping rib one whose attaching cartilage is repeatedly dislocated.
true r's the seven upper ribs on either side, attached to both vertebrae and sternum.
vertebral r's floating ribs.
vertebrocostal r's the three upper false ribs on either side, attached to vertebrae and costal cartilages.
vertebrosternal r's true ribs.

Rib

(rib), [TA]
Symbol for ribose.

rib

(rĭb)
n.
Anatomy
a. One of a series of long curved bones occurring in 12 pairs in humans and extending from the spine to or toward the sternum.
b. A similar bone in most vertebrates.

rib

(rib)
Abbreviation for ribose

rib

(rib) [AS. ribb]
Enlarge picture
RIB CAGE: Anterior view
One of a series of 12 pairs of narrow, curved bones extending laterally and anteriorly from the sides of the thoracic vertebrae and forming a part of the skeletal thorax. With the exception of the vertebral ribs, they are connected to the sternum by costal cartilages. See: illustration

asternal rib

False rib.

bicipital rib

An irregular condition resulting from the fusion of two ribs, usually involving the first rib.

cervical rib

A supernumerary rib sometimes developing in connection with a cervical vertebra, usually the lowest.

false rib

One of the lower ribs (8, 9, and 10) that do not join the sternum directly. Their cartilage connects to the cartilage of the seventh rib. The variation in the anatomy of the lower ribs may be considerable (i.e., there may be only two false ribs).
Synonym: vertebrochondral rib

floating rib

Vertebral rib.

lumbar rib

A rudimentary rib that develops in relation to a lumbar vertebra.

slipping rib

A rib in which the costal cartilage dislocates repeatedly.

spring fracture of rib

Outward displacement of the end of a broken rib, seen on x-ray examination of ribs that are broken by compression rather than by direct blows to the chest.

sternovertebral rib

True rib.

true rib

Any of ribs 1–7, which articulate directly with the sternum. Synonym: sternovertebral rib

vertebral rib

Any of ribs 1–7, which articulate directly with the sternum.

vertebrochondral rib

False rib.

vertebrocostal rib

Any of the three false ribs on each side.

rib

any of the long, curved bones forming the wall of the THORAX in vertebrates, attached dorsally to the VERTEBRAL COLUMN. The anterior ribs are connected ventrally to the STERNUM in higher vertebrates and form a protective ribcage around the contents of the thorax. Ribs are connected by intercostal muscles which cause their movement during breathing in terrestrial vertebrates.

Patient discussion about rib

Q. What causes cramps in, under and around the rib cage?

A. Im not really sure, but you may have IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS affects up to 55 million Americans, mostly women. IBS causes are unknown. IBS symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramps. There are IBS treatments such as diet and lifestyle changes and medications that can help. Do you have any of these symptoms? Almost everything that i found with rib cage pain said something about IBS. Not really sure if this is your problem, but I hope this helps.

More discussions about rib
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, Songsong earlier said the RIBs will give advice to TESDA in the design and implementation of skills development schemes to deliver quality TVET (technical and vocational education and training).
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When the smoker is ready, line the ribs in a rib rack with all the ribs facing the same direction.
Once cool, drain the ribs well (reserve the cooking liquor for another use, such as in a sauce or soup) and place them on a tray.
and Finnveden, S., "Calculation of Wave Propagation in Rib Stiffened Plate Structures," Journal of Sound Vibration 198(2):203-224, 1996.
These thick, meaty ribs are not cut from the rib cage.
Cook the ribs in a pan on all sides until golden brown and crispy, and pop into a hot barbecue to finish.
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You can grab yourself a bargain lunch at Chicago Rib Shack in Croydon on Friday lunchtime if you're in the area
Slipping rib syndrome also named as costal margin syndrome, clicking rib and rib-tip syndrome, was first identified in 1922 by Davies-Colley as a cause of severe abdominal pain due to overriding of the ninth and tenth rib [1].
The crack propagation of the number one (#1) arch rib is shown in Figures 2 and 3.