rhythm method

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Related to rhythm method: ovulation, calendar method, withdrawal method


a measured movement; the recurrence of an action or function at regular intervals. adj., adj rhyth´mic, rhyth´�mical.
accelerated idiojunctional rhythm a junctional rhythm, without retrograde conduction to the atria, at a rate exceeding the normal firing rate of the junction; it is an ectopic rhythm located in the bundle of His and controlling ventricles at a rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute.
accelerated idioventricular rhythm a rhythm of ectopic ventricular origin, faster than the normal rate of the His-Purkinje system but slower than 100 beats per minute, without retrograde conduction to the atria.
accelerated junctional rhythm a rhythm emanating from a focus in the AV junction at a rate greater than its normal rate of 60 but less than 100 beats per minute; it may be due to altered automaticity secondary to disease or to triggered activity secondary to digitalis toxicity. There may or may not be retrograde conduction to the atria.
alpha rhythm uniform rhythm of waves in the normal electroencephalogram, showing an average frequency of 10 per second, typical of a normal person awake in a quiet resting state. Called also Berger rhythm. See also electroencephalography.
atrioventricular junctional rhythm a junctional rhythm originating in the bundle of His, with a heart rate of 40 to 60 beats per minute; called also nodal rhythm.
automatic rhythm spontaneous rhythms initiated by the sinoatrial node, or by subsidiary atrial or ventricular pacemakers; in practice this refers to a normal sinus rhythm at a rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute.
Berger rhythm alpha rhythm.
beta rhythm a rhythm in the electroencephalogram consisting of waves smaller than those of the alpha rhythm, having an average frequency of 25 per second, typical during periods of intense activity of the nervous system. See also electroencephalography.
biological r's the cyclic changes that occur in physiological processes of living organisms; these rhythms are so persistent in nature that they probably should be considered a fundamental characteristic of life, as are growth, reproduction, metabolism, and irritability. Many of the physiological processes that recur in humans about every 24 hours (with circadian rhythm) have been known for centuries. Examples include the peaks and troughs seen in body temperature, vital signs, brain function, and muscular activity. Biochemical analyses of urine, blood enzymes, and plasma serum also have demonstrated circadian rhythms. Called also biorhythms.

It has long been believed that the cyclic changes observed in plants and animals were totally in response to environmental changes and, as such, were exogenous or of external origin. This hypothesis has now been rejected by most chronobiologists, who hold that the biological rhythms are intrinsic to the organisms, and that the organisms possess their own physiological mechanism for keeping time. This mechanism has been called the “biological clock.” An example of adjustment of the biological clock in humans is recovery from “jet lag.” This phenomenon, also known as jet syndrome, occurs when humans are transported by jet plane across time zones. It is characterized by fatigue and lowered efficiency, which persist until the biological clock adjusts to the new environmental cycle.

Biological rhythms are responsive to, or synchronous with, environmental cycles, but it is generally agreed among chronobiologists that the rhythmic changes in environmental factors do not create biological rhythms, even though they are capable of influencing them. Even in the absence of such environmental stimuli as light, darkness, temperature, gravity, and electromagnetic field, biological rhythms continue to maintain their cyclic nature for a period of time.
circadian rhythm the regular recurrence in cycles of about 24 hours from one point to another, such as certain biological activities that do this regardless of long periods of darkness or other changes in environmental conditions.
circamensual rhythm recurrence in cycles of about one month (30 days).
circannual rhythm recurrence of a phenomenon in cycles of about one year.
circaseptan rhythm that which occurs in cycles of about seven days (one week).
coupled rhythm heart beats occurring in pairs, the second beat of the pair usually being a ventricular premature beat.
delta rhythm
1. electroencephalographic waves having a frequency below 3½ per second, typical in deep sleep, in infancy, and in serious brain disorders. See also electroencephalography.
2. delta waves.
escape rhythm a heart rhythm initiated by lower centers when the sinoatrial node fails to initiate impulses, its rhythmicity is depressed, or its impulses are completely blocked.
gallop rhythm an auscultatory finding of three or four heart sounds, created by gushes of blood entering resistant or stiffened ventricles. This can happen at two different times during ventricular diastole: either at initial filling or at the time of ventricular contraction. Therefore, gallops occur during early and late ventricular diastole.
gamma rhythm a rhythm in the waves in the electroencephalogram having a frequency of 50 per second. See also electroencephalography.
idiojunctional rhythm a rhythm emanating from the atrioventricular junction but without retrograde conduction to the atria.
infradian rhythm the regular recurrence in cycles of more than 24 hours, as certain biological activities which occur at such intervals, regardless of conditions of illumination or other environmental conditions.
junctional rhythm an arrhythmia caused by an abnormality in the atrioventricular junction; see accelerated junctional rhythm and atrioventricular junctional rhythm.
rhythm method old popular name for natural family planning.
nyctohemeral rhythm a day and night rhythm.
pendulum rhythm alternation in the rhythm of the heart sounds in which the diastolic sound is equal in time, character, and loudness to the systolic sound, the beat of the heart resembling the tick of a watch.
sinus rhythm normal heart rhythm originating in the sinoatrial node, with a normal rate of 60 to 100 beats per minute.
theta rhythm electroencephalographic waves having a frequency of 4 to 7 per second, occurring mainly in children but also in adults under emotional stress. See also electroencephalography.
ultradian rhythm the regular recurrence in cycles of less than 24 hours, as certain biological activities which occur at such intervals, regardless of conditions of illumination or other environmental conditions.
ventricular rhythm the ventricular contractions which occur in cases of complete heart block.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

rhyth·m meth·od

a natural contraceptive technique that requires abstinence during the anticipated fertile period of the menstrual cycle.
Synonym(s): rhythm (2)
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

rhythm method

A birth-control method characterized by abstinence from sexual intercourse during the period of ovulation.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
The method of contraception sanctioned by the Roman Catholic Church, which can be used by a couple to improve the odds of achieving pregnancy, by timing unprotected intercourse for days identified as fertile, or (theoretically) to avoid pregnancy, by restricting unprotected intercourse to days identified as infertile
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

rhythm method

Calendar method, Vatican roulette Obstetrics A form of natural family planning, and the contraceptive method sanctioned by the Catholic Church, in which unprotected intercourse is allowed shortly after a menstrual period or before the onset of the next period; the RM is the least effective form of contraception, resulting in 20 pregnancies/100 ♀-yrs. See Breast feeding, Coitus interruptus, Contraception, Natural family planning, Pearl index.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rhythm meth·od

(ridh'ŭm meth'ŏd)
A natural contraceptive method that spaces sexual intercourse to avoid the fertile period of the menstrual cycle.
Synonym(s): rhythm (3) .
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

rhythm method

An unreliable method of contraception based on an attempt to predict, and avoid, the part of the menstrual cycle on which OVULATION is most likely to occur.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Rhythm method

The oldest method of contraception with a very high failure rate, in which partners periodically refrain from having sex during ovulation. Ovulation is predicted on the basis of a woman's previous menstrual cycle.
Mentioned in: Pregnancy
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance, combining withdrawal with the rhythm method could be an effective strategy if women abstain from sexual intercourse in the middle of their cycle and use withdrawal at other times; however, women in our study reported using withdrawal in the middle of their cycle.
But with the approval of the birth control pill in 1960, Catholic women began abandoning the rhythm method for the certainty of oral contraceptives.
The Andy Robinson Rhythm Method have been playing the comedy circuit for a year now; often going from headlining the comedy tent at the Reading or Leeds festival one day to playing a student union in Stoke the next.
The data reflect virtually no changes in knowledge of tubal ligation, withdrawal, and foams/jellies, but show substantial decreases in knowledge of the diaphragm, IUD, and the rhythm method (p<0.001 in each case).
Such feelings may have been why the rhythm method and other forms of family planning involving long periods of abstinence were so popular among the women, the researchers said.
The rhythm method is reportedly a popular form of contraception in Poland which is 90% Roman Catholic.
/ But when I write about S-E-X, / I always use/ The rhythm method."
It may shock some readers to think of John Paul II as intellectually dishonest, but Wills makes one wonder how the pope could have spent his whole adult life hawking wire-drawn justifications of the rhythm method while anathematizing pill-users unless he suffered from, at least, an advanced form of self-deception.
Traditional methods included abstinence, breastfeeding, withdrawal and avoiding intercourse at the presumed fertile time of the cycle, often called the rhythm method. Barrier methods included the diaphragm, cap.
Since the 1991 study, correct estimates increased in the areas of rhythm method (87 percent).
Indeed, "defection" is the wrong word to use for such a rare and clear consensus, such a powerful demonstration of the sensus fidelium, the "sense of the faithful." Thirty years ago when Pope Paul VI issued the encyclical Humanae vitae, which condemned the use of any means of birth control other than the rhythm method, over 600 theologians signed dissenting statements.