rhizotomy


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rhizotomy

 [ri-zot´ah-me]
division or transection of a nerve root, either within the spinal canal or outside it.

rhi·zot·o·my

(rī-zot'ŏ-mē),
Section of the spinal nerve roots for the relief of pain or spastic paralysis.
[G. rhiza, root, + tomē, section]

rhizotomy

(rī-zŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. rhizoto·mies
Surgical severance of spinal nerve roots to relieve pain or hypertension.

rhizotomy

Pain management The surgical disruption of a cranial or spinal nerve root, as a means of limiting pain. See Radiofrequency thermal rhizotomy.

rhi·zot·o·my

(rī-zot'ŏ-mē)
Surgical section of the spinal nerve roots for the relief of pain or spastic paralysis.
Synonym(s): radicotomy, radiculectomy.
[G. rhiza, root, + tomē, section]

rhizotomy

Surgical division of a root, especially that of a nerve.
References in periodicals archive ?
The incidence of SI joint dysfunction was as high as 70% in our postrhizotomy sample but only 18.2% in DePalma et al.'s study of similar low back pain patients who did not undergo radiofrequency rhizotomy (Figure 2).
Incidence morphology and morphometry of the foramen of Vesalius complementary study for a safer planning and execution of the trigeminal rhizotomy technique.
A 20-year follow-up by the Cape Town group [8] shows very good long-term outcomes in patients after selective dorsal rhizotomy. In a group of 14 patients, all but one had long-term control of their spasticity and good functional improvement that lasted into adulthood.
Patient reports of satisfaction after microvascular decompression and partial sensory rhizotomy for trigeminal neuralgia.
Sophie Sharman, | 11, with mum Natalie Powell, as she takes her first steps after pioneering dorsal rhizotomy surgery
In cases of trigeminal rhizotomy, either passage of the needle through the foramen ovale or the stimulation of Gasserian ganglion by glycerol or electric current is usually sufficient to evoke TCR and can manifest as severe hypertension, tachycardia, and other ECG changes.
The initial studies focused on adults who received the neurosurgical procedure selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) more than 15 years ago (2) and who were able to show the positive results of SDR in their level of functioning, (3) walking ability, (4), (5) spinal abnormalities (6) and participating in the community.
Kyle needs an operation to straighten his legs, called Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR).
Ms Lowe said: "The procedure Kian needs is 'selective dorsal rhizotomy'.
Contributors also describe NIOM in surgery of the vertebral column, spinal cord, tethered cord, peripheral nerves, cerebellopotine angle (microvascular decompression and tumor), thoracic aorta, carotid artery, and in cases of epilepsy-related surgery, selective dorsal rhizotomy and lumbosacral surgery.