rhinosporidiosis


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Related to rhinosporidiosis: Rhinosporidium seeberi

rhinosporidiosis

 [ri″no-spor-id″e-o´sis]
a chronic, localized granulomatous fungal infection of the mucocutaneous tissues, especially that of the nose, caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi, usually found in India and Sri Lanka but also seen in many temperate and tropical regions worldwide, characterized by the development of polyps, tumors, papillomas, or wartlike lesions.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

rhi·no·spo·rid·i·o·sis

(rī'nō-spō-rid-ē-ō'sis),
Invasion of the nasal cavity or, occasionally, the conjunctiva or other superficial structures by Rhinosporidium seeberi, resulting in a chronic granulomatous disease producing bleeding polyps or other forms of hyperplasia on mucous membranes; it is found principally in India and Sri Lanka.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

rhinosporidiosis

A fungus disease caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi that causes fungal polyps in the nose and swellings in the surrounding tissues. These can be removed surgically. The condition occurs in India, East Africa and South America.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
By conducting the present study, we had made an attempt to know the prevalence of rhinosporidiosis in Dhanbad district of Jharkhand state.
We describe 4 cases of rhinosporidiosis in polo ponies imported into the United Kingdom from Argentina and kept in different locations.
Rhinosporidiosis: the largest case series in Brazil.
Rhinosporidiosis in Raipur, Chhattisgarh: A report of 462 cases.
Three blocks of fixed, paraffin-embedded nasal polyps from unrelated patients with histologically confirmed rhinosporidiosis were obtained.
Next were rhinosinusitis 108 (28.19%), hypertension 48 (12.53%), trauma 35 (9.13%), DNS with spur 14 (3.65%), fibroangioma 13 (3.39%), foreign body nose 9 (2.34%), juvenile nasopharyngeal fibroma 3 (0.78%), carcinoma nasopharynx 3 (0.78%), rhinosporidiosis 2 (0.52%), hereditary telangiectasia 2 (0.52%) in descending order.
Rhinosporidiosis, AC polyp, ethmoidal polyp are more common in males.
Coccidioidomycosis, a fungal infection that is also endemic in southwestern United States, and myospherulosis, an iatrogenic condition related to application of nasal "packing," may be considered in the differential diagnosis of rhinosporidiosis. (2) The spherules of the former resemble the sporangia of rhinosporidiosis but are smaller (up to 60 [micro]m) and do not stain with mucicarmine.
of Patients Hypertension 22 Fracture nasal bone + maxilla 15 Deviated nasal septum 4 Rhinosporidiosis 2 Idiopathic 2 Rhinolith 1 Sinusitis 1 Malignant melanoma 1 Pleomorphic adenoma 1 Juvenile active ossifying fibroma 1 Fig.
(11) Nasal septal perforation is also a known complication of systemic vasculitides, including Wegener's granulomatosis and systemic lupus erythematosus; sarcoidosis; malignancies such as nasal T cell lymphoma and squamous cell carcinoma; infections such as tuberculosis, lepromatous leprosy, and rhinosporidiosis; sinonasal surgery; and traumatic insults such as chronic nose picking and piercing injuries.
Rhinoscleroma should be distinguished from tuberculosis, leprosy, syphilitic gumma, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, rhinosporidiosis, leishmaniasis, Wegener granulomatosis, T-cell/natural killer cell lymphomas, and carcinomas.