rhinoscleroma


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Related to rhinoscleroma: rhinosporidiosis

rhinoscleroma

 [ri″no-sklĕ-ro´mah]
a granulomatous disease involving the nose and nasopharynx, due to infection by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis, seen mainly in Egypt, Eastern Europe, and Central and South America; the growth forms hard patches or nodules, which tend to enlarge and are painful to the touch.

rhi·no·scle·ro·ma

(rī'nō-sklē-rō'mă),
A chronic granulomatous process involving the nose, upper lip, mouth, and upper air passages; starts usually as a growth of hard smooth nodules in the anterior nares that spreads backward into the pharynx, larynx, trachea, and even bronchi; it may involve the external auditory meatus and is caused by a specific bacterium, Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis.
Synonym(s): scleroma
[rhino- + G. sklērōma, an induration]

rhinoscleroma

/rhi·no·scle·ro·ma/ (-sklĕ-ro´mah) a granulomatous disease, ascribed to Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis, involving the nose and nasopharynx; the growth forms hard patches or nodules, which tend to enlarge and are painful to the touch.

rhinoscleroma

[rī′nosklirō′mə]
a chronic inflammation in the nose, spreading to the larynx and pharynx. The cause is an infection of Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis.

rhi·no·scle·ro·ma

(rī'nō-skler-ō'mă)
A chronic granulomatous process involving the nose, upper lip, mouth, and upper air passages; it may involve the external auditory meatus and is believed to be due to a specific bacterium, possibly Klebsiella.
[rhino- + G. sklērōma, an induration]
References in periodicals archive ?
008 BL 12 16 LL 28 08 Table 2: Showing overall Clinicohistopathological correlation of Cutaneous Granulomas Histological Confirmation P value (Number) Clinical Types Yes No Chi squared test was not done as some of Leprosy 174 34 the expected values Fungal granuloma 26 8 were less than 5 Tubercular granuloma 22 2 Foreign body granuloma 22 2 Parasitic granuloma 4 0 Lymphogranuloma venereum 3 0 Actinomycosis 2 1 Rhinoscleroma 2 0 Donovanosis 1 1 Granulomatous mycosis fungoides 1 0 Fig.
Early diagnosis of ozena and rhinoscleroma through a fast and specific molecular method with high discriminatory power at subspecies level might contribute to a rapid therapeutic formulation and thus leading to improvement ofpatient prognosis, avoiding destructive consequences and sequelae on the respiratory mucosa.
DISCUSSION: Rhinoscleroma is caused by klebsiella Rhinoscleromatis.
Medical treatment of rhinoscleroma is with tretacyclines, aminoglycosides and macrolide antibiotics like clindamycin.
Rhinoscleroma can involve any part of the respiratory tract.
Sarcoidosis, vasculitis (especially Wegener granulomatosis), and neoplastic diseases can mimic rhinoscleroma and should be considered in the differential diagnosis.
In the granulomatous stage, the characteristic lesion of rhinoscleroma is seen.
8] Rhinoscleroma in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection has also been reported,[10] providing further evidence of association between K rhinoscleromatis infection and altered T-cell immunity.
Rhinoscleroma is a chronic progressive infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract, the nose being the most common site affected.
Rhinoscleroma ("hard nose") is caused by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis, a gram-negative encapsulated bacterium of low infectivity.
6% 3% 4% Dryness and -- 8% 2% crusting Foul smell -- 0 2% Nasolacrimal 0 0 duct injury TABLE II showing histopathological diagnosis and no of the patients Histopathological diagnosis No of patients Chronic non specific turbinate hypertrophy 203 Allergic turbinate hypertrophy 5 Chronic inflammatory polyp 2 Allergic polyp 1 Rhinoscleroma 1 Adenoid cystic carcinoma 1 Angioma 1 Pyogenic granuloma 1 Myofibroblastic sarcoma 1 Lepromatous leprosy 1 Rhinolith 1 Capillary hemangioma 1
INTRODUCTION: Rhinoscleroma is a progressive granulomatous disease commencing, mainly in nose and later extending into the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, the larynx & sometimes the trachea or even the bronchi.