Evaluation of the relationship of "Revised Trauma Score
" and "Trauma Injury Severity Score" with prognosis in trauma patients monitored in intensive care.
Statistical validation of the revised trauma score. J Trauma 2006; 60(2):305-11.
Assessment of Risk Factors of Mortality among Abdominal Trauma Patients Factor Odds 95% CI P value ratio Age 1.1 0.3-1.6 0.3 (NS) Sex 0.9 0.6-1.9 0.4 (NS) Type of abdominal trauma 6.2 3.6-1.9 0.001 * Associated injuries 1.9 1.3-2.8 0.03 * Associated chronic illness 1.6 0.9-3.1 0.04 * Low RTS 5.3 4.9-6.1 0.001 * Hb level 2.8 2.1-3.9 0.02 * Interval between arrival 8.1 7.5-9.2 0.001 * and resuscitation Abnormal pelviabdominal US 1.3 1.1-1.9 0.04 * CI: Confidence interval; RTS: Revised trauma score; Hb: Haemoglobin; US: Ultrasound; NS: No statistically significant difference
The revised trauma score is made up of a combination of results from three categories; Glasgow Coma Scale, Systolic blood pressure, and respiratory rate.
The sum of these three products is the revised trauma score (RTS).
Patients were eligible for inclusion based on mechanism of injury and/or Revised Trauma Score
The mean revised trauma score
of the injured at the time of Emergency Room (ER) presentation was 7.43 +- 0.4 (range 3.47-7.84).
89% were men, mean age 30 years and average Revised Trauma Score
Conclusions: Emergency room parameters that significantly predicted mortality and the need for damage control surgery were: pH, base deficit, lactate and Revised Trauma Score
Examples of such triage scoring tools include the Pre hospital Index, CRAMS score, Revised Trauma Score
, START and MGAP (Table-2).
(8) All charts were reviewed and the data collected included age, sex, mechanism of injury, the Revised Trauma Score
(RTS), the Injury Severity Score (ISS), and the Penetrating Abdominal Trauma Index (PATI).
For assessment of injury severity, information was gathered from treating physicians, and hospital records and Injury severity scores (ISS) and Revised Trauma Scores
(RTS) were calculated for each victim.