retrolental fibroplasia


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Related to retrolental fibroplasia: kernicterus, absorption atelectasis, retinopathy of prematurity

fibroplasia

 [fi″bro-pla´zhah]
the formation of fibrous tissue, as occurs normally in the healing of a wound or abnormally in certain tissues. adj., adj fibroplas´tic.
retrolental fibroplasia retinopathy of prematurity.

ret·i·nop·a·thy of pre·ma·tu·ri·ty

abnormal replacement of the sensory retina by fibrous tissue and blood vessels, occurring mainly in premature infants with a birth weight of less than 1500 g who are placed in a high-oxygen environment.

retrolental fibroplasia

[-len′təl]
Etymology: L, retro + lentil, lens, fibra, fiber; Gk, plassein, to mold
1 a formation of fibrous tissue behind the lens of the eye, resulting in blindness.
2 a severe form of retinopathy in premature infants associated with complete retinal detachment. It can be prevented by timely administration of retinal laser therapy.
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Retrolental fibroplasia

retrolental fibroplasia

Retinopathy of prematurity, see there.

ret·ro·len·tal fi·bro·pla·si·a

(ret'rō-lent'ăl fī'brō-plā'zē-ă)
A condition of premature infants, characterized by the presence of opaque tissue behind the lens, leading to retinal detachment and blindness; the result of an excessive concentration of oxygen.

retrolental fibroplasia

An eye disorder affecting premature babies who have been exposed to unduly high concentrations of oxygen in incubators. It is a form of retinopathy in which fronds of new blood vessels and strands of fibrous tissue extend into the vitreous gel behind the lens, seriously interfering with vision and leading, later, to RETINAL DETACHMENT. Early treatment with a freezing probe (cryopexy) can prevent retinal detachment.

retrolental

behind the lens of the eye.

retrolental fibroplasia
a retinopathy caused by exposure to high concentrations of oxygen at a young age; reported in kittens.
References in periodicals archive ?
From the early 1940s to the early 1950s, the number of premature infants who had visual impairments that were due to retrolental fibroplasia (now called retinopathy of prematurity, or ROP) increased in epidemic proportions (Silverman, 2000).
Patz's accomplishments include the discovery of the cause of one of the most common factors in childhood blindness at the time: retrolental fibroplasia (now known as retinopathy of prematufity or ROP).
Low vision Participant Gender Age Age of onset or blind Mobility 1 Female 35 Not available Blind Dog 2 Female 35 Birth Blind Dog 3 Male 34 6 months Blind Dog 4 Male 43 19 years Low vision Cane 5 Female 26 Birth Low vision Cane 6 Female 41 18 months Blind Dog 7 Male 24 Birth Blind Cane 8 Male 47 Birth Low vision None 9 Male 60 6 years Low vision None 10 Male 52 Birth Low vision None 11 Female 55 Birth Blind Dog IogMAR Participant acuity Diagnosis 1 Not available Not available 2 Not available Clouded cornea, microthalmas 3 Not available Retrolental fibroplasia 4 1.
These include the sight-saving movement; facial vision (that is, the idea of people with visual impairments possessing a sixth sense); and the incorrect belief that poor nutrition was the cause of retrolental fibroplasia rather than concentrated exposure to oxygen, as was later determined and reported in the journal in 1946.
The name by which this scourge is known is retrolental fibroplasia and though it is still new in the field of ocular disability it is nevertheless so rampant as to cause serious alarm among all persons concerned with services to the blind and with prevention of blindness.
INTRODUCTION: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), previously known as retrolental fibroplasias (RLF) is a disease of the eye that generally affects premature babies receiving intensive neonatal care.