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the formation of fibrous tissue, as occurs normally in the healing of a wound or abnormally in certain tissues. adj., adj fibroplas´tic.
retrolental fibroplasia retinopathy of prematurity.
ret·i·nop·a·thy of pre·ma·tu·ri·ty
abnormal replacement of the sensory retina by fibrous tissue and blood vessels, occurring mainly in premature infants with a birth weight of less than 1500 g who are placed in a high-oxygen environment.
Etymology: L, retro + lentil, lens, fibra, fiber; Gk, plassein, to mold
1 a formation of fibrous tissue behind the lens of the eye, resulting in blindness.
2 a severe form of retinopathy in premature infants associated with complete retinal detachment. It can be prevented by timely administration of retinal laser therapy.
retrolental fibroplasiaRetinopathy of prematurity, see there.
ret·ro·len·tal fi·bro·pla·si·a(ret'rō-lent'ăl fī'brō-plā'zē-ă)
A condition of premature infants, characterized by the presence of opaque tissue behind the lens, leading to retinal detachment and blindness; the result of an excessive concentration of oxygen.
retrolental fibroplasiaAn eye disorder affecting premature babies who have been exposed to unduly high concentrations of oxygen in incubators. It is a form of retinopathy in which fronds of new blood vessels and strands of fibrous tissue extend into the vitreous gel behind the lens, seriously interfering with vision and leading, later, to RETINAL DETACHMENT. Early treatment with a freezing probe (cryopexy) can prevent retinal detachment.
behind the lens of the eye.
a retinopathy caused by exposure to high concentrations of oxygen at a young age; reported in kittens.