retrograde


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retrograde

 [ret´ro-grād]
1. moving backward or against the usual direction of flow.
2. degenerating, deteriorating, or catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād),
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
3. Used in neuroscience to describe distal-proximal flow, movement, or transport in an axon toward its cell body, or degeneration of an axon proximal to a point of injury, such degenerative changes may extend to, and include, the cell body.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro- + gradior, to go]

retrograde

/ret·ro·grade/ (ret´ro-grād) going backward; retracing a former course; catabolic.

retrograde

[ret′rəgrād]
Etymology: L, retro + gradus, step
1 moving backward; moving in the opposite direction to that which is considered normal.
2 degenerating; reverting to an earlier state or worse condition.
3 catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde

A going backwards or a reversion of the usual sequence.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde,

v to move backward, degenerate, or return to an earlier state or worse condition.

retrograde

going backward; retracting a former course; catabolic.

retrograde pyelography
radiography of the kidney after introduction of contrast medium through the ureter.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are many examples of coalition leadership that were instrumental to the success of retrograde operations across each sector in Afghanistan, along the NDN, in shaping support access and capabilities en route between the AOR and home stations, and in developing flexible planning options with ISAF, USFOR-A, USCENTCOM, and national provider staffs to keep things on track.
The retrograde femoral nail (Synthes Distal Femoral Nail, Switzerland) was inserted into the femur from intercondylar fossa into the medullary cavity of the femur.
The Arrow Cannon II Plus and Arrow Edge products are split-tip catheters that can be tunneled using retrograde or antegrade technique, respectively.
6%) were detected by sonourethrography as compared to 21(35%) patients by retrograde urethrography.
For men who exhibit retrograde ejaculation, urine can be collected after orgasm.
The Phase 1 RETRO-HF trial is a 12-person open-label, dose-escalation study to evaluate the safety of performing retrograde infusion of JVS-100 dosed at 30 mg or 45 mg to patients with ischemic symptomatic heart failure.
Amalgam is commonly used as a retrograde filling material2 and is therefore commonly used as the control when testing new root end materials.
With lessons learned from Iraq and recent experience de-commissioning and moving a modular technical control facility from Afghanistan to Kuwait, the 160th Signal Brigade and mission partners in Afghanistan began the planning process to successfully retrograde the network.
6 The shunt was revised with a medium pressure Pudenz shunt which has a silicone elastomer diaphragm within the reservoir which we hoped would prevent retrograde migration as well as other complications associated with a Chhabra shunt.
And hopefully, I don't anticipate that there will be any long-term impact on our retrograde movement because of the current situation," Deputy Spokesperson Marie Harf said at the daily briefing.
WASHNINGTON (PAN): In view of the anti-US demonstrations in Pakistan, the Pentagon on Tuesday announced to temporarily halt shipment of its retrograde cargo through ground lines of communication (GLOCS) as a precautionary measure.