retrograde

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retrograde

 [ret´ro-grād]
1. moving backward or against the usual direction of flow.
2. degenerating, deteriorating, or catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād),
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
3. Used in neuroscience to describe distal-proximal flow, movement, or transport in an axon toward its cell body, or degeneration of an axon proximal to a point of injury, such degenerative changes may extend to, and include, the cell body.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro- + gradior, to go]

retrograde

/ret·ro·grade/ (ret´ro-grād) going backward; retracing a former course; catabolic.

retrograde

[ret′rəgrād]
Etymology: L, retro + gradus, step
1 moving backward; moving in the opposite direction to that which is considered normal.
2 degenerating; reverting to an earlier state or worse condition.
3 catabolic.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde

A going backwards or a reversion of the usual sequence.

ret·ro·grade

(ret'rō-grād)
1. Moving backward.
2. Degenerating; reversing the normal order of growth and development.
[L. retrogradus, fr. retro-, back + gradior, to go]

retrograde,

v to move backward, degenerate, or return to an earlier state or worse condition.

retrograde

going backward; retracting a former course; catabolic.

retrograde pyelography
radiography of the kidney after introduction of contrast medium through the ureter.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is made by enzymatically debranching a tapioca maltodextrin and then causing retrogradation so the granules lose their crystalline structure, then aging the solution with cooling to form partially crystalline material that is not attacked by normal stomach enzymes.
Another aspect to staling is known as starch retrogradation or chemical staling, wherein changes in the molecular structure occur within the starches of the baked good causing them to bond more closely.
Apres avoir rumine cette perte de revenu pendant quelques jours, il a decide de ne pas y voir une retrogradation et a publie un communique pour remercier le chef de la promotion.
A y voir de pres, la retrogradation est operee soit pour signifier la confrontation entre le pouvoir et les forces sociales ou politiques, soit pour faire passer des messages de glorification ou de derision politique, soit pour donner sens a l'inexplication des episodes celebres de la transition.
To change an accurate expression for an expression confessedly not accurate has something of retrogradation.
It were enough if what there is yet opportunity of examining were accurately inspected, and justly represented; but such is the laxity of Highland conversation, that the inquirer is kept in continual suspense, and by a kind of intellectual retrogradation, knows less as he hears more.
Gelatinization and retrogradation of starch in foods and its implications for food quality
Le premier projet de loi relatif au statut des officiers de reserve est destine a completer l'ordonnance nA76-112 par de nouvelles dispositions notamment pour rappeler que [beaucoup moins que] le militaire de carriere admis a cesser definitivement son activite au sein de l'armee et verse dans la reserve, exerce librement les droits et libertes que lui conferent les lois de la Republique [beaucoup plus grand que], et de preciser que tout manquement au devoir de reserve est susceptible de [beaucoup moins que] de retrait de la medaille d'honneur, de plainte aupres des juridictions competentes et de retrogradation dans le grade [beaucoup plus grand que].
However, low amylose contents indicate that the studied starch needs less energy for its gelatinization, and that the formed paste has a higher maximum viscosity with fewer tendencies to a retrogradation, when compared with starch from cassava, potato and normal corn (ASCHERI et al.
L'objectif serait notamment de presenter des indicateurs en mesure de dissiper les doutes et les apprehensions, caracterisant cette periode de transition fortement marquee par une retrogradation des classements de la Tunisie.
But adding chia inhibited the kinetics of amylopectin retrogradation during storage, which would be directly related to delays in bread staling.