retrocollis

retrocollis

 [ret″ro-kol´is]
spasmodic torticollis in which the head is drawn back.

retrocollis

/ret·ro·col·lis/ (-kol´is) spasmodic torticollis in which the head is drawn back.

ret·ro·col·lic spasm

(ret'rō-kol'ik spazm)
Torticollis in which the spasm affects the posterior neck muscles.
Synonym(s): retrocollis.

retrocollis

(re?trö-kol'is) [ retro- + collum]
Torticollis with spasms affecting the posterior neck muscles.
Synonym: retrocollic spasm
References in periodicals archive ?
have described two patients with tremor and dystonia caused by AVM in the contralateral basal ganglia, thalamus and mesencephalon, one patient with torticollis and AVM in the posterior thalamus, and another one with retrocollis and AVM in the parietal lobe.
These movements, which are confused with dystonia, include retrocollis, opistotonic posture, and slanting of the head on one side (25).
They were categorized as torticollis, laterocollis, anterocollis, retrocollis, and combined form according to their clinical manifestation.
83%, of the 17 patients with combined form, 11 had torticollis in addition to retrocollis, 4 had torticollis in addition to anterocollis, and 2 had multiple-sided rotation) of the patients.
Any of the 52 muscles in the neck can be involved in combination to produce involuntary movements in a sustained or spasmodic nature in a combination of anterocollis, laterocollis, rotational torticollis or retrocollis.
Immediate exchange transfusion is recommended in any infant who is jaundiced with signs of the acute bilirubin encephalopathy including hypertonia, arching, retrocollis and opisthotonos (head and heels drawn back), fever, and high-pitched cry--even if the bilirubin is decreasing (AAP, 2004) (see Table 4).
Typically they will have a retrocollis or torticollis of the neck; tightening of the muscles in the shoulder girdle; or other sustained muscle postures of the neck, trunk, face, or axial muscles.