retraction syndrome

re·trac·tion syn·drome

a retraction of the globe and pseudoptosis on attempted adduction; due to coinnervation of the horizontal recti. Sometimes there is an inability to abduct the affected eye (type 1), or adduct the affected eye (type 2), or both (type 3).
Synonym(s): Duane syndrome

Duane radial ray syndrome

An autosomal dominant condition (MIM:102490) characterised by limited external rotation of the eyes and retraction with inward rotation, and by radial-ray-type bone defects in the hands (e.g., malformed or absent thumbs, extra thumb or finger-like thumb) and forearms (e.g., absence of one or more forearm bones); it may be accompanied by renal defects.

Molecular pathology
DRRS is caused by mutations of SALL4, which encodes a zinc finger transcription factor thought to play a role in musculoskeletal embryogenesis.

Duane,

Alexander, U.S. ophthalmologist, 1858-1926.
Duane syndrome - a retraction of the globe and pseudoptosis on attempted adduction. Synonym(s): retraction syndrome
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common causes of AHP were determined as fourth cranial nerve palsy (33.7%), Duane retraction syndrome (21.5%), sixth cranial nerve palsy (11%), nystagmus blockage syndrome (9.8%) and Brown syndrome (6.7%).
The most common diagnoses in patients with AHP were fourth nerve palsy (33.7%), Duane retraction syndrome (21.5%), sixth nerve palsy (11%), nystagmus blockage syndrome (9.8%), and Brown syndrome (6.7%).
Epidemic genital retraction syndrome: environmental and personal risk factors in southern China.
b Type 1 Duane's retraction syndrome of the right eye
OF PERCENTAGE CASES 1 SIMPLE PTOSIS 77 52.7% 2 SUPERIOR RECTUS PALSY 30 20.5% 3 MARCUS GUNN JAW-WINKING PHENOMENON 13 8.9% 4 BLEPHAROPHIMOSIS SYNDROME 11 7.5% 5 STRABISMUS 6 4.1% 6 CONGENITAL NYSTAGMUS 3 2.1% 7 LID COLOBOMA 2 1.4% 8 CPEO 2 1.4% 9 DUANES RETRACTION SYNDROME TYPEI 2 1.4% Table 2: Surgeries Done in Congenital Ptosis SL.
(2.) Yuksel D, de Xivry JJ, Lefevre P Binocular coordination of saccades in Duane Retraction Syndrome. Vision Rese.
Surgical and functional outcomes in bilateral exotropic Duane's retraction syndrome. Br J Ophthalmol.
(1993) Duane's retraction syndrome. Surv.Ophthalmol.
INTRODUCTION: Retraction Syndrome, also known as Stilling-Turk-Duane Syndrome, was originally described by Alexander Duane in 1905.
As already mentioned it is more common in females and left eye is more commonly involved with hypermetropia being the most common refractive error associated, we are presenting a case of a male child with right eye Duane retraction syndrome type 1A with myopia as the refractive error.
Retraction syndrome, Arch Ophthalmol.1933; 10:602=610.
Duane's retraction syndrome, fibrosis of the EOMs, and Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia have neurogenic and myogenic elements.