retinopexy

retinopexy

 [ret´in-o-pek″se]
restoring of the retina to its proper anatomical location.
pneumatic retinopexy a treatment for retinal detachment involving injection of gas into the posterior vitreous cavity in such a way that the gas bubble presses against the area of torn retina, forcing it back into place.

ret·i·no·pex·y

(ret'i-nō-pek'sē),
A procedure to repair a detached retina by holding it in place; for example, by producing chorioretinal adhesions by freezing ("retinal cryopexy").
[retino- + G. pēxis, fixation]

ret·i·no·pex·y

(ret'i-nō-pek-sē)
A procedure to repair a detached retina by holding it in place, e.g., by producing chorioretinal adhesions by freezing ("retinal cryopexy").
[retino- + G. pēxis, fixation]

retinal break 

A full thickness opening in the neurosensory retina. It may be a hole, usually due to atrophy of the retina and often overlaid by an operculum; or a tear, horseshoe-shaped (U-shaped), round or slit-like, usually caused by posterior vitreous detachment in which the vitreous adheres to the retina and pulls it from the point of adherence during or just after an abrupt eye movement; or a giant retinal tear which involves 90º or more of the circumference of the globe and is commonly associated with Marfan's syndrome or Stickler's syndrome; or retinal dialysis which is usually the result of trauma. The patient may complain of photopsia, seeing floaters or flashes and some visual field defects and they may present with a vitreous haemorrhage. Management of retinal breaks includes localized laser photocoagulation (laser retinopexy) or cryopexy, a method of cryotherapy (freezing of the tissues causing local protein denaturation which leads to adhesion of the retina to the pigment epithelium), as the defect may lead to rhegmatogenous or tractional retinal detachment. See macular hole; retinal dialysis; retinoschisis; Shafer's sign.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient eventually underwent pars plana vitrectomy and laser retinopexy was performed around the white peripheral temporal lesion, which was later believed to be the site of penetrating injury by a thorn on the tree branch from the previous trauma described by the patient.
Physical mechanisms of gas and perfluoron retinopexy and subretinal fluid displacement.
The right eye had received laser retinopexy after posterior vitreous detachment for symptomatic retinal holes associated with lattice degeneration.
Ultimately, the retinologist used a combination of procedures to repair the damage including: 1) scleral buckling; 2) pneumatic retinopexy; and 3) laser photocoagulation.
Surgical methods commonly described to repair uncomplicated RRD are pneumatic retinopexy procedure, scleral buckling, and pars planavitrectomy.
Pneumatic retinopexy--a multicentre randomized controlled clinical trial comparing pneumo retinopexy with sclera buckling.
Contributed by ophthalmologists from Europe, the US, and Israel, the 19 chapters address the surgical and nonsurgical management of vitreoretinal disorders, including diabetic retinopathy; diabetic macular edema, with discussion of the use of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs and diagnosis; proliferative diabetic retinopathy; the complications and management of diabetic vitrectomy; retinal venous occlusions; rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, including vitrectomy, scleral buckling materials, and pneumatic retinopexy; the use of prophylaxis for retinal detachment; retinal detachment due to giant tears or dialysis; macular hole surgery; vitrectomy for epiretinal membranes; Irvine-Gass syndrome; and endophthalmitis.
The simplest treatment is pneumatic retinopexy, where a bubble of gas is injected into the eye and presses the retina back in place.
On Tuesday, he underwent a procedure known as "laser retinopexy" on his left eye to repair a slight tear in his retina.
D'Amico has revealed that there are three surgical options that can be used to treat retinal detachment, namely scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy, and vitrectomy
Current first-line therapies for RRD include three commonly employed surgical techniques: scleral buckle, vitrectomy and pneumatic retinopexy. These surgeries often involve significant pain and discomfort, protracted recovery periods and frequent post-surgical complications.