First, we determined the relationships between FSC and variables (farm, cow parity [1,2, 3, or [greater than or equal to] 4], BCS at 1 month postpartum [[greater than or equal to] 2.75 vs <2.75] and first AI [[greater than or equal to] 3.0 vs <3.0], detection of a CL within 1 month of calving, year, AI season, IDE or timed AI, peri- and postpartum disorders [dystocia, retained placenta
, septicemic metritis, clinical endometritis, ketosis, milk fever, and abomasal displacement], and calving to first AI interval) by performing univariate analysis.
Early recourse to theatre is needed in this situation, and also when immediate post-delivery findings suggest retained placenta
, retained products or trauma not amenable to repair in the labour ward, e.g.
Many studies on hemato-biochemical investigations have been undertake on retained placenta
in cows, however such studies in graded Murrah buffaloes is limited.
O'Horo, "Uterine artery embolization and hysteroscopic resection to treat retained placenta
accreta: A case report," Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, vol.
Regarding systemic complications grand multiparas are at high risk of developing hypertension, diabetes, anemia and obesity.7 While regarding obstetric complications these women are at increased risk of malpresentations, obstructed labour, placenta previa, placenta abruption, retained placenta
, ruptured uterus, post partum hemorrhage, caesarian sections and caesarian hysterectomy.
It was only when the midwife visited Emma at home the day after she was discharged that she says she was finally told her womb had been scraped to remove the last traces of the retained placenta
"Historically, the clinical presentation of placenta accreta was a prolonged third-stage or retained placenta
after delivery of the baby and subsequent onset of hemorrhage or the onset of hemorrhage at the time of the termination of pregnancy," Dr.
Thyroid disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome, Sjogren's syndrome, and abnormal postpartum bleeding due to retained placenta
tissue have all been linked to low milk supply.
Three days later, she had to undergo an emergency two-hour operation to remove a partially retained placenta
has been reported as being more common in SCD by some studies, but this was not observed by us.18 In the current study, the frequency of retained placenta
was found in 9% (5 cases) of SCT, but not at all in SCD.
Coping with haemorrhage, retained placenta
, obstructed labour, breech babies, etc, in rugged isolation.