restrictive lung disease


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restrictive lung disease

Pulmonology A general term that encompasses the functional aspects of interstitial lung disease Etiology-Acute Infections–miliary TB, histoplasmosis, PCP, CMV, fungal; RT; pulmonary edema, inhalation-byssinosis; aspiration; Goodpasture's disease; lung CA; idiopathic-Hamman-Rich syndrome Etiology-chronic Pneumoconiosis; RT; CA-lung, breast, stomach, pancreas; drugs-bleomycin, busulfan, hydralazine; systemic disease-sarcoidosis, collagen vascular disease, Langerhans cell histiocytosis; diffuse interstitial fibrosis Clinical SOB, tachypnea, concentric ↓ in lung volumes Imaging Interstital and alveolar pattern Functional tests ↓ diffusing capacity. Cf Restrictive lung disease.

restrictive lung disease

Any chest disease that results in reduced lung volumes and reduced lung compliance.
References in periodicals archive ?
The lung function test pattern is variable between patients, with airflow obstruction ([FEV.sub.1]:FVC ratio <70%), restrictive lung disease (normal or increased [FEV.sub.1]:FVC ratio, with reduced [FEV.sub.1] and reduced FVC) or even normal lung functions being observed.
Forty-two percent of these patients performed this test without supplemental oxygen and none were reported to have either co-existing restrictive lung disease or to require mechanical ventilation assistance as did our patient in this Case Report.
SAN ANTONIO--A diagnosis of asthma, allergic disease, or obstructive or restrictive lung disease among participants in the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conferred a significantly increased long-term risk of all-cause mortality for adults who were aged 40-75 years at baseline but not for those who were aged 25-39 years at baseline, according to findings from the study.
(1,11) Severe forms of restrictive lung disease with severely reduced pulmonary compliance necessitated the development of the fractional inspired oxygen (Fi[O.sub.2]), PEEP and the end-tidal C[O.sub.2] controllers to create the IntelliVent concept now in production.
The procedure was performed on a highly critical 70 year old male patient with severe restrictive lung disease and critical left main disease.
Cement dust causes lung function impairment, chronic obstructive lung disease, restrictive lung disease, pneumoconiosis and carcinoma of the lungs, stomach and colon.
"Age and gender were associated with obstructive and restrictive lung disease," said Dr.
Because IPF is a restrictive lung disease, pulmonary function testing characteristically demonstrates reduced lung volumes (for example, vital capacity and total lung capacity).
Respiratory function is affected when the heavy chest wall compresses the lungs, resulting in impaired gas exchange, This increases the risk of restrictive lung disease and obstructive sleep apnea.
Survival is inversely related to the severity of restrictive lung disease. The earliest changes occur in the posterior lower lobes.
It is now appreciated that most patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have auto-PEEP during OLV, so external PEEP will lead to hyperinflation and shunt increase (3), while patients with normal lung parenchyma, or those with restrictive lung disease, tend to benefit from applied external PEEP (7).
This preliminary finding from a retrospective observational study raises the intriguing possibility that statins might be able to prevent or at least slow progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or restrictive lung disease in smokers and former smokers, noted Dr.