The prevalence of intramammary infection in primiparous heifers at parturition ranges from 2-50 percent and may represent an important reservoir of infection
in herds with low prevalence (Karimuribo et al., 2006; Radostits et al., 2010).
The principal mode of transmission and spread of the virus are Aedesaegypti and Aedesalbopictus mosquitoes with human beings serving as the main reservoir of infection
. Infection with the virus typically presents with fever, headache, rashes, myalgia and crippling joint pain, which is responsible for the characteristic stooped appearance of the individual during the acute stage.
Mr James added: "Farmers in Pembrokeshire and across the whole of Wales are playing their part in bearing down on the disease but the reservoir of infection
that exists in wildlife still hasn't been confronted.
adults and adolescents may be an important reservoir of infection
. Future refinement of the model ...
The significance of such patients includes their rarity, unusual dermal lesions, specific pathologic findings, failure to diagnose the primary disease, high bacillary load which can be a barrier for eradication of leprosy, and being potential reservoir of infection
especially in societies where the disease has been eradicated.
For any infection, unvaccinated people pose a threat because they act as a reservoir of infection
. An unexpected bonus of rotavirus vaccination is a lessening of rotavirus disease in unvaccinated people (herd protection), probably because the virus isn't passed on.
The science behind badger culling is hotly debated and I could fill the entire newspaper and not cover all the arguments but it does seem clear that badgers do carry Bovine TB and it seems likely that badgers could be a source of spread of the disease and a reservoir of infection
"It has highest attack rate in 5-14 year olds and children serve as reservoir of infection
," he added.
Ashton said: "The danger is that you have a population that can potentially become a reservoir of infection
Food or water sources can serve as a reservoir of infection
. This serotype can lie dormant in herds until activated by one of the several possible stressors.
On the basis of literature survey and findings of present work plan it can be concluded that rats/mice are important reservoir of infection
and may play role in transmission on Babesiosis to humans.
"Although there is circumstantial evidence that dairy cows are providing a reservoir of infection
, it is still not known for certain if cows are infecting people, or people are infecting cows.