reservoir


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reservoir

 [rez´er-vwahr]
1. a storage place or cavity.
2. an alternate or passive host or carrier that harbors pathogenic organisms without injury to itself and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected.
cardiotomy reservoir in cardiopulmonary bypass, a collection chamber for blood suctioned from the heart chambers and pericardium.
continent ileal reservoir an intra-abdominal pouch having a volume of at least 500 ml and a valve created from a portion of the ileum, pulled through the stoma, and lying flat against the abdominal wall; it maintains continence of feces and is emptied by a catheter when full. See also continent ileostomy and kock pouch.
ileoanal reservoir see ileoanal reservoir.
Ommaya reservoir a device implanted in the brain for instillation of medication or removal of fluid through a catheter in a lateral ventricle. When used for the direct administration of chemotherapy, it enhances the concentration of medication in brain tissue.

re·cep·tac·u·lum

, pl.

re·cep·tac·u·la

(rē'sep-tak'yū-lŭm, -lă),
A receptacle.
Synonym(s): reservoir
[L. fr. re-cipio, pp. -ceptus, to receive, fr. capio, to take]

reservoir

/re·ser·voir/ (rez´er-vwahr)
1. a storage place or cavity.
3. an alternate host or passive carrier of a pathogenic organism.

continent ileal reservoir 
1. a valved intra-abdominal pouch that maintains continence of the feces and is emptied by a catheter when full.
2. a neobladder made from a section of ileum.
continent urinary reservoir  neobladder.
ileoanal reservoir  a pouch for the retention of feces, formed by suturing together multiple limbs of ileum and connected to the anus by an ileal conduit; used with colectomy to maintain continence in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.
Pecquet's reservoir  cisterna chyli.

reservoir

(rĕz′ər-vwär′, -vwôr′, -vôr′)
n.
1. A natural or artificial pond or lake used for the storage and regulation of water.
2. A receptacle or chamber for storing a fluid.
3. Anatomy See cisterna.
4. Medicine An organism or population that directly or indirectly transmits a pathogen while being virtually immune to its effects.

reservoir

[rez′ərvwär]
Etymology: Fr, réservoir
a chamber or receptacle for holding or storing a fluid.

re·cep·tac·u·lum

, pl. receptacula (rē-sĕp-tak'yū-lŭm, -lă)
A receptacle.
Synonym(s): reservoir.
[L. fr. re-cipio, pp. -ceptus, to receive, fr. capio, to take]

Reservoir

A population in which a virus is maintained without causing serious illness to the infected individuals.
Mentioned in: Hemorrhagic Fevers

reservoir

1. a storage place or cavity.
2. an alternative host or passive carrier of a pathogenic organism.

reservoir control
control of infection in animal, bird or insect populations which act as reservoirs for infection of domesticated animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Filmed at a reservoir just outside Merthyr, it shows how freezing temperatures and deadly currents in a reservoir can drag people under water.
Price is the patent holder of the plastic roto-molded reservoir and works closely with Solar to manufacture the most cost-effective, robust and revolutionary hydraulic reservoir.
Pat Jones, of the Cupwith Reservoir Action Group (CRAG), said: "I thought they might come back again.
So far, the partnership with neighbors has been largely successful in keeping dogs and dog waste off the reservoir, Harwood said.
He suggests infilling the reservoir with earth then building houses on top would safeguard the listed dam structure.
If it was the conservancy's property, that reservoir could be a walking trail -- and that's a big benefit for the community,'' Breliant said.
Previously, spillover has been used to describe a wide range of dynamics (20), but we recommend limiting its use to transient infections in a target host because of transmission from a reservoir host that is not self-sustaining in the target population.
Appendix 1 summarizes the geology, the reservoir properties and fluid properties of the 130 fields described in the volume.
5 m tall, Stanley and Doyle reported in 2002, nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations immediately below the dam were lower than they were upstream of the reservoir.
The other reservoirs are: Backwater and Lintrathen Reservoirs which serve the Dundee area; Corsehouse Reservoir Stewarton, Ayrshire; Penwhapple Reservoir Girvan, Ayrshire; Auchalochy Reservoir Campbeltown, Argyll; Kaim Reservoir and the River Calder Lochwinnoch and Kilmacolm, Renfrewshire;Blackesk Reservoir Lockerbie, Annan, Beattock and Loch Maben, Dumfriesshire; Bradan Reservoir Irvine, Troon and Prestwick, Ayrshire; Dindinnie Reservoir and Knockuhassen Reservoir Stranraer; ClunasReservoir Nairn; Loch Nam Bat Reservoir Drumnadrochit, Inverness-shire; Loch Buidhe Mor Bettyhill, Sutherland; Loch a'Ghobahair Bonar Bridge, Sutherland; River Earn and Glenfarg Reservoir, east Fife.
To address this need, the Division of AIDS has established basic science priorities in the following areas of therapeutics research: host and viral targets, inhibitors, vaccines, innate immunity, viral reservoirs, and gene therapy.