rescue breathing


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rescue breathing

n.
A technique used to resuscitate a person who has stopped breathing, in which the rescuer forces air into the victim's lungs at intervals of several seconds, usually by exhaling into the victim's mouth or nose or into a mask fitted over the victim's mouth.
Any of a number of life-saving manoeuvres in which a rescuer (R1) inflates the rescuee’s (R2) lungs by breathing into the R2’s airway access ‘port’; it is no longer considered optimal therapy for cardiac arrest. A 2006 report in Lancet compared CPR with and without rescue breathing and found a two-fold higher rate of survival in those who did not receive rescue breathing.
In early 2008, the American Heart Association changed its guidelines to include hands-only CPR, a new version using chest compressions only. Hands-only CPR is intended for untrained rescuers and only for witnessed cardiac arrest.

rescue breathing

Emergency medicine Any of a number of life-saving maneuvers in which a rescuer–R1 inflates the rescuee's–R2 lungs by breathing into the R2's airway access 'port'. See ABCs–of CPR, Head-tilt/Chin-lift maneuver.
Rescue breathing types
Mouth-to-mouth Airway is opened by the head-tilt/jaw-lift maneuver, nose is pinched by R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's mouth and gives 2 full breaths–1 to 1.5 seconds/breath, allows good chest expansion, average volume 800 mL
Mouth-to-nose Used when there is major trauma to the face, trismus, or a tight mouth seal cannot be formed; airway is opened by the head-tilt/jaw-lift maneuver, mouth is closed by R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's nose and gives 2 full breaths as above
Mouth-to-stoma Used in Pts who have undergone laryngectomy; R1 who takes 2 deep breaths, seals his/her lips around R2's stoma and breathes as above  

head-tilt/chin-lift ma·neu·ver

(hĕd'tilt-chin'lift mă-nū'vĕr)
Basic procedure used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to open the patient's airway. Rescuers one hand tilts head back while other hand is placed under the chin to lift the mandible and displace the tongue.
Synonym(s): manual airway maneuver, rescue breathing.

head-tilt/chin-lift ma·neu·ver

(hĕd'tilt-chin'lift mă-nū'vĕr)
Basic procedure used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to open the patient's airway.
Synonym(s): manual airway maneuver, rescue breathing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adverse hemodynamis effects of interrupting chest compressions for rescue breathing during cardiopulmonary resuscitation for ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest.
If the person remains unresponsive for several minutes or you're in a remote area where the EMS response time may be greater, the oxygen supply in the victim's lungs will have run out, and you may need to perform rescue breathing. Ventilation also is necessary if someone becomes unresponsive while choking and you can't dislodge the object with the Heimlich maneuver, Dr.
Also, chest compressions can be started immediately, whereas positioning the head, attaining a seal for mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing, or obtaining or assembling a bag-mask device for rescue breathing all take time.
If you can't reach 911, and aren't familiar with how to administer rescue breathing or are unwilling to do it, make sure the patient is lying face up and begin chest compressions.
The kit, "CPR Anytime for Family and Friends," includes an inflatable CPR Manikin to help train you in chest compressions and rescue breathing, a 22-minute instructional video to guide you through the process, and a resource booklet.
Most lifeguards are provided a resuscitation mask when they take their training in CPR and Rescue Breathing, so they should come to camp with it.
Quentin Gwynn and I determined that he had no pulse and wasn't breathing, so we started CPR until he came around." Gwynn, a member of the 11th Marine Regiment on board Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6), handled the rescue breathing while Smith took care of the chest compressions, and the swimmer was soon revived.
In CPR class, Ruiz and about five other guys are hovering over dummies and plastering their huge hands on resuscitation-training torsos, tilting back the chins and practicing rescue breathing. He tells the class that this comes in handy; his son wasn't even walking when he got that quarter in his mouth.
Students learn many important skills, such as how to perform rescue breathing and what to do if an infant or child is choking.
During the two-day program, students learn safety precautions, rescue breathing techniques, how to care for a choking infant or child, and how to call for help.
Once we got his mouth open, I started doing rescue breathing. I didn't feel nervous.