California carrots, tomatoes, potatoes and rice each received over one million pounds of pesticides identified as reproductive toxins
The risks and dangers of reproductive toxins
in our products and our environment are felt disproportionately by low-income and communities of color.
is California's own Proposition 65, otherwise known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, which requires products that contain carcinogens or reproductive toxins
to feature a warning label.
These products include pesticides, chemical components of plastics, flame retardants, solvents, adhesives, paints and other surface applications, some of which are carcinogens, neurotoxins, hormone mimics, reproductive toxins
, developmental toxins, or chemicals that either stimulate or suppress the immune system.
Schapiro cites several reports which suggest that common substances in cosmetics are potential carcinogens, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, mutagens, and reproductive toxins
Four of the six phthalates banned in the bill are listed on California's Prop 65 list as reproductive toxins
Some chemicals found in a variety of cosmetics--including phthalates, acrylamide, and formaldehyde--are listed by government and academic sources as reproductive toxins
The food industry's primary target is California's voter-passed Proposition 65, which requires warnings about cancer-causing chemicals or reproductive toxins
in food, such as mercury in canned tuna or lead in Mexican candy.
All companies "doing business" there must provide a clear and reasonable warning before knowingly and intentionally exposing anyone to a listed chemical, unless the exposure is below the "no significant risk level" for carcinogens, or below the "maximum allowable dose level" (MADL) for reproductive toxins
State Attorney General Bill Lockyer sued the tuna canners two years ago to enforce Proposition 65, a 1986 state law requiring consumer warnings about reproductive toxins
such as mercury.
New research shows that cosmetics and toiletries sometimes contain a potentially dangerous mixture of carcinogens, mutagens and reproductive toxins
that can alter the function of a person's hormones and, in rare circumstances, lead to infertility.
Numerous animal tests have linked high, prolonged doses of phthalares to serious harm, and some experts have cited phthalates as potential reproductive toxins