For example, Kerala ranks on top in terms of overall performance but sees the least incremental change as it had already achieved a low level of Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) and Under-five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and replacement level fertility
, leaving limited space for any further improvements.
These 145 districts have been identified based on total fertility rate and service delivery for immediate, special and accelerated efforts to reach the replacement level fertility
goals of 2.
Replacement level fertility
is the total fertility rate -- the average number of children born per woman -- at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next, without migration.
A below replacement level fertility
rate and a fall in the number of women of childbearing age influence declining birth rates in 2012-2030.
It was further explained that if the expansion in service delivery is materialized as envisioned in the policy the Department would be able to achieve the accelerated fertility decline thus resulting in achieving Replacement level fertility
It is called Replacement Level Fertility
and the report argues that many countries have reached this level or are on their way to achieve it, except for Africa.
However, other than the demographic expediency and political acceptability of population stabilization, there appears to be little, if any, empirical or theoretical rationale for the widely cited UN projections to assume convergence to replacement level fertility
Noting that members of more privileged ethnic groups have achieved replacement level fertility
by combining traditional method use with abortion as a backup--largely because of the limited range of modern methods available and lack of counseling on how to use them effectively--the authors suggest that improved family planning services will be needed to complete Vietnam's fertility transition.
He said that there vision is to achieve replacement level fertility
by 2020 through expeditious completion of demographic transition that entails decline both in fertility and mortality rates.
016, which is equivalent to replacement level fertility
0 children, slightly below replacement level fertility
However, the total fertility rate is still far below the replacement level fertility