According to Soto  it is proven that bacteria are the cause of epithelial hyperplasia in gills, splenomegaly, renomegaly
and necrosis in internal organs, mainly in spleen, heart, liver, kidney, brain and musculature.
On his most recent ultrasound, he had mild left hydronephrosis with a significant reduction in renomegaly
; his ureteral stents had been removed in the interim.
Another case of acute renal failure and ES was reported in a patient who developed a polyclonal lymphoproliferative disorder resulting in diffuse lymphadenopathy and renomegaly
with infiltration of kidneys by lymphoid cells; there was eventual clinical resolution and the pathogenesis was thought to be on the basis of drug or toxic reaction .
was seen in 56 (18.7%) patients, without significant correlation with their CD4+ counts (Table III).
Radiographs showed probable bilateral renomegaly
. The bird was started on doxycyline (50 mg PO q12h x 7 days) and was hospitalized for monitoring.
At necropsy, renal coccidiosis was associated with miliary white streaks and foci through the kidneys, renomegaly
, and renal pallor or congestion.
Gross lesions identified at postmortem examination included cardiomegaly, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and renomegaly
, along with generalized pallor of these tissues, as well as perihepatic effusion, ascites, pericardial effusion, epicardial petechiation, and subcutaneous hemorrhages.
The differential diagnosis included myopathy, lower motor neuron disease, peripheral neuropathy, neuromuscular disease, peripheral vascular disease, renomegaly
, systemic disease with general weakness, metabolic derangement, and arthritis.
The cranial pole of the renal-gonadal shadow was enlarged and bulbous on the lateral projection, which suggests either renomegaly
Necropsy findings in the Harris hawk and both eagle owls included hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, renomegaly
, as well as proventricular and ventricular dilation, ulceration, and erythema (Fig 1).
The clinical symptoms included fin ulceration, abdominal redness, splenomegaly, hepatohemia and renomegaly
During necropsy, pronounced renomegaly
and hepatomegaly, as well as granulomatous hepatitis was observed.