renal transplantation


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Related to renal transplantation: Nitrogenous waste

re·nal trans·plan·ta·tion

transplantation of a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney function in a recipient suffering from renal failure.

renal transplantation

Etymology: L, ren, kidney, transplantare
the surgical transfer of a complete kidney from a donor to a recipient.

re·nal trans·plan·ta·tion

(rēnăl trans'plan-tāshŭn)
Surgical transplantation of a kidney from a compatible donor to restore kidney function in a recipient suffering from renal failure.

renal transplantation

Grafting of a kidney from a living donor or from a cadaver to someone with renal failure. It is used as the definitive form of renal replacement for patients with kidney failure. Tissue typing for human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) as well as ABO blood groups is used to decrease the likelihood of acute or chronic rejection. Family members are often the best-matched donors. In patients with diabetes mellitus, combined renal and pancreatic transplants are sometimes performed with a very high likelihood of success. The high success rate of kidney transplants (85% to 95% at 2 years) is primarily due to immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids, cyclosporine, mycophenolate, and tacrolimus. Because cyclosporine is nephrotoxic, careful monitoring of serum drug levels after transplantation is required. Synonym: kidney transplantationmajor histocompatibility complex; suppressive immunotherapy;
See also: transplantation
References in periodicals archive ?
New onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplantation.
After, data collection was started by documentary analysis of the medical records of patients submitted to renal transplantation between 2012 and 2015, data were collected through a consultation in the hospital database.
The impact of comorbid and sociodemographic factors on access to renal transplantation.
Renal transplantation in elderly recipients: a single-center experience.
The risk of gastric cancer is also higher after renal transplantation and the relationship between Helicobacter Pylori infection is questionable.
Laparoscopic fenestration is a safe and effective first-line treatment for symptomatic lymphocele occurring after renal transplantation.
Cardiovascular death after renal transplantation remains the first cause despite significant quantitative and qualitative changes.
Fluid therapy is a critical element in the intraoperative management of a patient undergoing renal transplantation (10,40), particularly because the multiple physiological and pathological variables increase the complexity of the procedure (41).
Stratification was done with regards to age, gender and duration of post renal transplantation and type of immunosuppression to see the effect of these on outcome.
4) have reported a case where the patient received sirolimus immunosuppressive therapy following renal transplantation and had bilateral lower extremity edema, acid, and dyspnea complaints at postoperative month 3.
In late 1988, the Director of Nursing recruited me to be a clinical nurse specialist (CNS) in renal transplantation at a small transplant program at a tertiary care medical center in an urban setting.