detection refers to the feeling of being watched by another, even though there should be no way of knowing by conventional means that one is being watched (Baker, 2005; Braud, Shafer, & Andrews, 1993a).
Staff at the university's School of Life & Health Sciences are looking to use a skin response method to examine whether or not the remote staring
effect is due to how much people interact with each other.
The experimenter effects obtained in the remote staring
studies individually conducted by MS and RW in the early 1990s are open to several competing interpretations.
Assuming that remote staring
detection is producing brain activity as the information is processed, does this processing follow similar systems to those that have already been identified in cognitive neuroscience; for example, the processing of faces and/or the gaze of others?
A very similar experimental paradigm is known as remote staring
(Braud, Shafer, & Andrews, 1993a, 1993b).
More reliable findings came from the ganzfeld and remote staring
They were recruited on the basis of their belief in ESP, and their interest and belief in the remote staring
Experimenter effects have also been found in the area of remote staring
Also in the EDA-DMILS paradigm, Richard Wiseman (a psi counteradvocate) and Marilyn Schlitz (a psi advocate) conducted two joint remote staring
detection experiments with the same laboratories, equipment, and participant pool, yet found that Wiseman obtained chance results while Schlitz obtained significant evidence for psi (Wiseman & Schlitz, 1997, 1999).
Chapter 10 is "Experimenter Effects and the Detection of Remote Staring
," by Richard Wiseman and Marilyn Schlitz, from the 1997 JP.
Schlitz and Braud's (1997) overview of the results of all EDA--DMILS studies and all Remote Staring
studies shows that 14 out of 30 experiments have yielded significant results.
Electrodermal activity (EDA), with its high lability, freely varying activity (Braud & Schlitz, 1991) and ability to map the orienting response (OR) has shown to be a promising outcome measure in experimental studies such as direct mental interaction with living systems (DMILS) and Remote Staring
or presentiment experiments.