relaxing incision

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relaxing incision

A second incision made during surgery to promote drainage, relieve the tension on a wound as it is sutured, or facilitate mobilization of a sliding tissue flap.
Synonym: counterincision; counteropening.
See also: incision


1. a cut or a wound made by a sharp instrument.
2. the act of cutting.

bold incision
one described as firm and free in action so as to cut through the skin in a minimum of motions, rather than multiple short, light strokes.
grid incision
a surgical approach through a flank incision in horses and cattle in which the several muscle layers are separated in the direction of their fibers, each of which is different, and the peritoneum is incised in a vertical direction. Called also a modified McBurney incision.
modified McBurney incision
see grid incision (above).
paramedian incision
one located near the midplane, most commonly parallel and close to the linea alba.
relaxing incision
one made to allow movement of skin for closure of a wound or parallel incision.
stab incision
made with the point of a scalpel.
References in periodicals archive ?
Limbal relaxing incisions can correct a significant amount of pre-existing astigmatism.
Muller Jensen K, Fisher P, Siepe U; Limbal relaxing incisions to correct astigmatism in clear corneal cataract surgery.
Indeed, this is supported by clinical studies that reveal several critical aspects of cataract surgery are enhanced, including the ability to create the perfect capsulorrhexis, the formation of corneal and limbal relaxing incisions (of specific depth and diameter) and lens fragmentation (Table 6).
20] Allen and Johnston believe that 1) optimal closure of a scalp flap requires two layers, 2) that flaps must not be closed under tension, so as to avoid ischemia at the suture line, and 3) that the closure of the galea aponeurotica should be separated from a second suture line through dermis [21] They suggest that minimizing scalp flap necrosis depends on 1) careful handling of the flap intraoperatively (excess manipulation or prolonged angulation after reflection can cause ischemia), 2) not using Raney clips (to avoid skin-edge ischemia), 3) assuring a good vascular supply by closing the wound with minimal tension (with the use of relaxing incisions and flap undercutting if necessary), and 4) avoiding tight dressings postoperatively.
Possibilities are adjustment at the site of the surgical incision to produce corneal flattening (by operating on the steep axis), limbal relaxing incisions (on the steep axis) or toric IOLs.