It is evident that, social economic class and Madrasa attendance (faith identity) appear to exert less an influence on the relative odds
of pupils achieving five or more GCSE higher grade passes in 2016 compared to 2015 and 2017.
(39) Negative social environments were associated with higher relative odds
of physical aggression in both countries.
We are not able to reject the third null hypothesis because the ratio of the relative odds
for a positive hair assay appears to have no significant difference from the probabilities of urinalysis.
(17.) The relative odds
described in the text are thirty-nine to sixteen (2.44/1), divided by twenty-seven to twenty-seven (1/1), or 2.44 to 1.
Rapid increases in short-stay PAC discharges may be even more indicative of high rates of site substitution, while increases in the relative odds
of short- versus long-stay PAC rates may be the single best indicator of site shifts in care, as it controls for PAC growth among long-stay patients.
We allowed a very small number of nonexempt cases to have their TANF benefits reduced by 25 percent for failure to comply with JOBS participation requirements, and we assumed that the relative odds
of JOBS participation were the same as in Fiscal Years 1995 and 1996.
ratios indicated that suicide attempters, compared with controls, were 231 times more likely to have abused drugs or alcohol, over 59 times more likely to have insomnia, nearly 41 times more likely to have been neglected, more than 20 times more likely to have experienced the threat of separation from a parental figure, almost 7 times more likely to have academic problems, and over 5 times more likely to have a history of suicidal ideation.
In all equations the dependent variable is the relative odds
of migrating from province i to province j (the probability of migrating from i to j divided by the probability of staying in i).
That he has cobbled his team together from relative odds
and ends but still kept them winning and advancing towards the top flight.
The only exception to this pattern was that having primary education was associated with a two-fold increased relative odds
of mood disorder, compared with those with the highest level of education.
On cross-sectional analysis, the investigators found that the relative odds
of a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, demyelination, and/or optic neuritis in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis as compared with their matched controls was 1.54 and 1.75, respectively.
Estimates of the relative odds
of HFRS associated with vaccination were estimated by using methods developed by Mantel and Haenszel (6), which are appropriate for matched designs.