relapse

(redirected from relapser)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

relapse

 [re-laps´]
the return of a disease weeks or months after its apparent cessation.

re·lapse

(rē'laps),
Return of the manifestations of a disease after an interval of improvement.
Synonym(s): recurrence (2)
[L. re-labor, pp. -lapsus, to slide back]

relapse

(rĭ-lăps′)
intr.v. re·lapsed, re·lapsing, re·lapses
1. To return to a former state.
2.
a. To become sicker after partial recovery from an illness.
b. To recur. Used of an illness.
3. To slip back into bad ways; backslide.
n. (rē′lăps, rĭ-lăps′)
A return to a former state, especially after apparent improvement.

re·laps′er n.

relapse

Recrudescence The return of signs and Sx of a disorder after a period of improvement Oncology The reappearance of the signs and Sx of malignancy after successful completion of a first course of RT and/or chemotherapy. See Bone marrow transplantation, Chemotherapy, Cyclophosphamide, Extranodal recurrence, Local recurrence, Marginal recurrence, Regional recurrence, Terminal cancer, Transdiaphragmatic recurrence. Cf Remission Tuberculosis The return of TB after a partial recovery from the disease.

re·lapse

(rē'laps)
Return of the manifestations of a disease after an interval of improvement.
Synonym(s): recurrence (2) .
[L. re-labor, pp. -lapsus, to slide back]

relapse

The reappearance or worsening of a disease after apparent recovery or improvement.

Relapse

A return of the signs and symptoms of an illness.

re·lapse

(rē'laps)
Return of disease manifestations after improvement.
Synonym(s): recurrence (2) .
[L. re-labor, pp. -lapsus, to slide back]
References in periodicals archive ?
Infrequent relapsers had 274 relapses and frequent relapsers had 1171 relapses; 64.35% of relapses had concurrent infections (e.g., upper respiratory tract infections, gastroenteritis, urinary tract infections, acute lower respiratory tract infections, peritonitis).
Relapsers: Those patients who had undetectable HCV RNA at the completion of six months therapy but became detectable after six months of cessation of therapy.
Chronic hepatitis C patients who are non-responders and relapsers to conventional interferon (IFN) and ribavirin represent one of the most difficult challenges in clinical routine in Pakistan.
The author states that programs need to focus as much as possible on the chronic relapser's:
In my experience, it can take a chronic relapser three to six months to wake up out of the fog in which he/she has been living.
An important contribution of this study is that it is focused on relapsers. Having suffered relapses can undermine the motivation to quit if it is experienced as a failure.
In the SHCS study, relapsers smoked more in the three follow-up visits before quitting and had poor motivation to quit (Figure 1).
Among the frequent relapsers, one patient had Cushingoid features like moon facies, two patients developed hypertension.
For testing the change in craving and NWS over the three times points (pre, post-treatment and 3 months follow-up), among abstainers and relapsers at 3 months follow-up, mixed factor analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were conducted, with time as the repeated factor and smoking status at 3 months follow-up (abstainer-relapser) as the between-subjects factor.
This study, like ours, consisted of a variety of patients (steroid resistant, steroid dependent, steroid sensitive and frequent relapsers).
It was considered a failure if HCV RNA values had not been reduced by more than 2 logs compared to the initial ones (non-responders), and if the presence of HCV RNA was proved six months after the completion of treatment which was negative during the treatment (relapsers).
Pardini et al., "Using pegylated interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin to treat chronic hepatitis patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 1: are nonresponders and relapsers different populations?" Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.