regular insulin


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Related to regular insulin: NPH insulin, isophane insulin

reg·u·lar in·su·lin

a rapidly acting form of insulin that is a clear solution and may be administered intravenously as well as subcutaneously; may be mixed with longer acting forms of insulin to extend the duration of effect. Onset of effect occurs in 30 minutes to 1 hour, peak effects are observed in 2-3 hours, and the duration of effect is about 5-7 hours.
Synonym(s): globin insulin

reg·u·lar in·su·lin

(regyū-lăr insū-lin)
Rapidly acting form that a clear solution may be administered intravenously as well as subcutaneously.

Patient discussion about regular insulin

Q. what does an insulin shot do? and what is it good for?

A. Insulin is a hormone (substance that controls the activity of the body) that enables muscles and fat to use the glucose (sugar) we get from the diet as a source of energy for activity or for storage as fat. Thus, it lowers the concentration of glucose in the blood. It's produced and secreted from the pancreas, a gland located in the back of the abdomen. When people don't have insulin, or if the body doesn't respond to insulin (essentially diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, respectively), therapy with insulin helps the body maintain a normal level of glucose. Excessive concentration of glucose in the blood is termed "hyperglycemia" and is deleterious in the long term.

You may read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insulin

Q. Why is insulin injected and not taken as a pill?

A. so if that's the case, why can't you use a patch (like a nicotine patch)? wouldn't that do the same trick?

Q. is there an alternative for the Insulin shots? something less painful but yet effective as the old way?

A. Here is a good site on alternative insulin delivery: http://www.diabetes.org/for-parents-and-kids/diabetes-care/alternative-insulin.jsp Hope this helps.

More discussions about regular insulin
References in periodicals archive ?
The second phase was used to assess the metabolic control with the combination therapy consisting of the same sulfonylurea as in the first phase and a single prebreakfast subcutaneous injection of mixed Ultralente and regular insulin. The data obtained at the end of this phase were then compared with the data noted at the end of the first phase.
of regular insulin ip (Novolin[R], 5 mL/kg b.w.) and blood glucose was assessed with test strips and glucometer (AccuCheck[R], Abbott, Brazil) at times 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, and 60 min; 0 min being the moment just prior to insulin injection.
Bell et al., "Comparison of insulin aspart with buffered regular insulin and insulin lispro in continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion: a randomized study in type 1 diabetes," Diabetes Care, vol.
Apart from the expected statistically significant and very high correlations between total insulin exposure and exposure to either the biphasic (r=0.959) or basal NPH plus prandial regular insulin regimens (r=1.000) and subsequent BMI and baseline BMI (r=0.889), other correlations were also observed at p<0.05.
Regular insulin is a soluble crystalline zinc insulin, an essential component of most daily replacement regimens (3).
After the consultation and the carrying out of meta-analysis of the published studies, Conitec published its reports no 103 and no 114 with its recommendation of not incorporating insulin analogues in SUS owning to its high costs and the lack of scientific evidence that demonstrates its therapeutic superiority in relation to NPH and regular insulin (7,8).
This small cohort of patients shows that children receiving insulin glargine along with regular insulin infusion for control of hyperglycemia in DKA required less dose of insulin infusion and less glycemic variability.
Rats were kept on 6 hour fast and then inject-ted 1 unit/kg regular insulin intraperitoneally.
Jutzi, "Night injections of regular insulin improve diabetes control in Cpeptide negative patients," Diabetologia, vol.
Regular insulin replacement injections are a fact of life for anyone living with Type 1 diabetes.
Table 1: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (Adverse events with frequency [greater than or equal to] 5% and occurring more frequently with NovoLog[R] compared to human regular insulin are listed) NovoLoq + NPH N= 596 Human Regular Insulin + NPH N= 286 Preferred N (%) N (%) Term Hvooalvcemia* 448 75% 205 72% Headache 70 12% 28 10% Iniurv 65 11% 29 10% accidental Nausea 43 7% 13 5% Diarrhea 28 5% 9 3% *Hypoglycemia is defined as an episode of blood glucose concentration <45 mg/dL with or without symptoms.
Type 1 diabetics tend to be especially at risk, because their bodies do not produce sufficient insulin, thus creating the need for regular insulin shots and scheduled meals to maintain the level.