regular insulin


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Related to regular insulin: NPH insulin, isophane insulin

reg·u·lar in·su·lin

a rapidly acting form of insulin that is a clear solution and may be administered intravenously as well as subcutaneously; may be mixed with longer acting forms of insulin to extend the duration of effect. Onset of effect occurs in 30 minutes to 1 hour, peak effects are observed in 2-3 hours, and the duration of effect is about 5-7 hours.
Synonym(s): globin insulin

regular insulin

a fast-acting insulin prescribed in the treatment of diabetes mellitus when the desired action is relatively prompt, intense, and short-acting. It can be mixed with long-acting forms of insulin. Regular insulin prepared from zinc insulin crystals is slightly longer-acting than the amorphous noncrystalline form of this type of insulin preparation. Insulin lispro, a slightly modified form of human insulin that is now widely used, has a faster onset and shorter duration of action than regular insulin.

reg·u·lar in·su·lin

(regyū-lăr insū-lin)
Rapidly acting form that a clear solution may be administered intravenously as well as subcutaneously.

Patient discussion about regular insulin

Q. what does an insulin shot do? and what is it good for?

A. Insulin is a hormone (substance that controls the activity of the body) that enables muscles and fat to use the glucose (sugar) we get from the diet as a source of energy for activity or for storage as fat. Thus, it lowers the concentration of glucose in the blood. It's produced and secreted from the pancreas, a gland located in the back of the abdomen. When people don't have insulin, or if the body doesn't respond to insulin (essentially diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, respectively), therapy with insulin helps the body maintain a normal level of glucose. Excessive concentration of glucose in the blood is termed "hyperglycemia" and is deleterious in the long term.

You may read more here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insulin

Q. Why is insulin injected and not taken as a pill?

A. so if that's the case, why can't you use a patch (like a nicotine patch)? wouldn't that do the same trick?

Q. is there an alternative for the Insulin shots? something less painful but yet effective as the old way?

A. Here is a good site on alternative insulin delivery: http://www.diabetes.org/for-parents-and-kids/diabetes-care/alternative-insulin.jsp Hope this helps.

More discussions about regular insulin
References in periodicals archive ?
Over time Alex's blood glucose was well controlled on NPH and regular insulin (see Table 1).
Therefore, the next step is to add regular insulin to the regimen before breakfast and supper to cover the blood glucose excursions from those meals.
12) One study demonstrated a 20% reduction in postprandial glucose with insulin aspart versus regular insulin.
A comparison of insulin aspart with regular insulin in a double-blinded, randomized study of 90 men with type 1 diabetes showed that insulin aspart was superior to regular insulin in controlling 24-hour plasma glucose levels (21); 22% fewer instances of hypoglycemia, defined as plasma glucose levels of 72 to 126 mg/dL (4 to 7 mmol/L), occurred with insulin aspart (P < 0.
Persistent glucosuria or ketonuria may require that the usual insulin regimen be supplemented with regular insulin.
Regular insulin and PH20 combination significantly reduced post-meal blood glucose concentration resulting in reduced hyperglycemia --
Combinations of regular insulin, aspart insulin or lispro insulin, in the same preparation with NPH insulin, in ratios of 25:75, 30:70, or 50:50, are available for use as well.
For the next 6 weeks, they took Ora-lyn immediately before and after lunch rather than the injected regular insulin, while still injecting the glargine twice daily and the regular insulin before breakfast and dinner.
33) Prior to the advent of rapid-acting insulin analogs, regular insulin was the only available prandial insulin.
Its duration of action, longer than that of the analogs, more closely resembles that of regular insulin.
It can be controlled by regular insulin injections and diet.
He had been taking two daily injections of neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) and regular insulin administered before breakfast (15 U NPH, 10 U regular) and dinner (10 NPH, 10 regular).