regional enteritis


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Related to regional enteritis: flatus, malabsorption syndrome, ulcerative colitis, toxic megacolon

enteritis

 [en″tĕ-ri´tis]
inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine, a general condition that can be produced by a variety of causes. Bacteria and certain viruses may infect the intestinal tract and produce symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Similar effects may result from poisonous foods such as mushrooms and berries, or from a harmful chemical present in food or drink. Enteritis may also be the consequence of overeating or alcoholic excesses.ƒ

Rest and bland diet are generally prescribed. In cases of bacterial infection antibiotics may be helpful. Severe dehydration, which may accompany enteritis, is treated with replacement of lost fluids and electrolytes. See also diarrhea; bowel elimination, altered; and deficient fluid volume.
membranous enteritis (mucomembranous enteritis) (mucous enteritis) mucous colitis.
enteritis necro´ticans an inflammation of the intestines due to Clostridium perfringens type F, characterized by necrosis.
phlegmonous enteritis a condition with symptoms resembling those of peritonitis, which may be secondary to other intestinal diseases, e.g., chronic obstruction, strangulated hernia, carcinoma.
enteritis polypo´sa enteritis marked by polypoid growths in the intestine, due to proliferation of the connective tissue.
regional enteritis Crohn's disease.

re·gion·al en·ter·i·tis

a subacute chronic enteritis, of unknown cause, involving the terminal ileum and less frequently other parts of the gastrointestinal tract; characterized by patchy deep ulcers that may cause fistulae, and by narrowing and thickening of the bowel by fibrosis and lymphocytic infiltration, with noncaseating tuberculoid granulomas that also may be found in regional lymph nodes; symptoms include fever, diarrhea, cramping abdominal pain, and weight loss.

regional enteritis

re·gion·al en·ter·i·tis

(rē'jŭn-ăl en'tĕr-ī'tis)
A chronic enteritis, of unknown cause, involving the terminal ileum and less frequently other parts of the gastrointestinal tract; characterized by patchy deep ulcers that may cause fistulas, and narrowing and thickening of the bowel by fibrosis and lymphocytic infiltration, with noncaseating tuberculoid granulomas that also may be found in regional lymph nodes; symptoms include fever, diarrhea, cramping abdominal pain, and weight loss.
Synonym(s): Crohn disease, distal ileitis, regional ileitis, granulomatous enteritis.

Crohn,

Burrill Bernard, U.S. gastroenterologist, 1884-1983.
Crohn disease - a subacute chronic enteritis. Synonym(s): regional enteritis
Crohn's disease; regional enteritis relapsing inflammatory disease of unknown cause, affecting any part of the gastrointestinal tract; typically presents in early adulthood (e.g. bloody diarrhoea, abdominal pain, weight loss); patients are managed symptomatically and/or surgically, but many require high doses of corticosteroids during periods of flare-up, and/or immunosuppressive agents (e.g. azathioprine) ± antimicrobial agents

enteritis

inflammation of the intestinal mucosa resulting in clinical signs of diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, abdominal pain and dehydration and electrolyte loss and imbalance. In more severe cases there is much mucus in the feces and in the worst ones there are shreds or even sheets of exfoliated mucosa. Gastritis is commonly an accompanying lesion. Vomiting may be a concurrent sign in monogastric animals. The causes are many and include bacteria, viruses, chemicals, damaged feedstuffs and nematode parasites and protozoa. Descriptions of those diseases will be found under the headings of their causative agents, e.g. rotavirus, coronavirus, enterovirus, Salmonella. There is a further list of diseases in which diarrhea is the cardinal sign but in which there are no lesions of enteritis. These are the enteropathies. See also enteropathy.

canine viral enteritis
common causes in dogs are canine parvoviruses, coronavirus and rotavirus. Other viruses isolated from dogs with enteritis but of unknown clinical significance are astrovirus, calicivirus and parainfluenza virus.
equine chronic eosinophilic enteritis
part of a multisystemic epitheliotropic syndrome including pancreatitis and dermatitis.
feline enteritis
see feline panleukopenia.
granulomatous enteritis
horses with this disease continue to lose condition over a long period and most have diarrhea and edema. There is a hypoproteinemia and protein loss in the feces. In dogs, the changes are similar, but may be segmental and can be the cause of partial obstruction.
hemocytic enteritis
enteritis of shrimps associated with blooms of some blue-green algae.
lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis
infiltration of the lamina propria with lymphocytes and plasma cells can be a nonspecific response to chronic inflammation, but is classified by some as a primary, immune-mediated disease of the intestine causing malabsorption, chronic watery diarrhea and sometimes a protein-losing enteropathy.
mink enteritis
see mink enteritis.
necrotic enteritis
see necrotic enteritis.
parvoviral enteritis
canine parvovirus.
phlegmonous enteritis
a condition with clinical signs resembling those of peritonitis, which may be secondary to other intestinal diseases, e.g. chronic obstruction, strangulated hernia, carcinoma.
proximal enteritis
duodenitis.
regional enteritis
see terminal ileitis.
turkey coronaviral enteritis
acute, highly infectious disease of turkeys of all ages characterized by inappetence, wet droppings, weight loss and heavy mortality is caused by a coronavirus. Called also bluecomb disease.
turkey hemorrhagic enteritis
caused by an adenovirus this disease affects turkey poults over 4 weeks old and is characterized by bloody droppings and sudden death. An epidemic disease now very widespread.
ulcerative enteritis
an acute disease of chickens, poults and game birds caused by Clostridium colinum. It is characterized by rapid spread of an acute symptomless disease. Quail show watery white droppings. Lesions include hemorrhagic enteritis in acute cases with ulceration the major finding in subacute cases. The morbidity in quail may be 100%, in chickens it is nearer 10%. Called also quail disease.

regional

pertaining to a certain region or regions.

regional acceleratory phenomenon
permits a number of mineralization foci to commence repair or modeling simultaneously.
regional enteritis
inflammation of the terminal portion of the ileum. See also terminal ileitis, crohn's disease and porcine intestinal adenomatosis.
regional hypotrichosis
a congenital hypotrichosis over particular areas, usually symmetrical, of skin recorded in many dog and some dog breeds; hair follicles may be absent.
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