regional enteritis


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enteritis

 [en″tĕ-ri´tis]
inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine, a general condition that can be produced by a variety of causes. Bacteria and certain viruses may infect the intestinal tract and produce symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Similar effects may result from poisonous foods such as mushrooms and berries, or from a harmful chemical present in food or drink. Enteritis may also be the consequence of overeating or alcoholic excesses.ƒ

Rest and bland diet are generally prescribed. In cases of bacterial infection antibiotics may be helpful. Severe dehydration, which may accompany enteritis, is treated with replacement of lost fluids and electrolytes. See also diarrhea; bowel elimination, altered; and deficient fluid volume.
membranous enteritis (mucomembranous enteritis) (mucous enteritis) mucous colitis.
enteritis necro´ticans an inflammation of the intestines due to Clostridium perfringens type F, characterized by necrosis.
phlegmonous enteritis a condition with symptoms resembling those of peritonitis, which may be secondary to other intestinal diseases, e.g., chronic obstruction, strangulated hernia, carcinoma.
enteritis polypo´sa enteritis marked by polypoid growths in the intestine, due to proliferation of the connective tissue.
regional enteritis Crohn's disease.

re·gion·al en·ter·i·tis

a subacute chronic enteritis, of unknown cause, involving the terminal ileum and less frequently other parts of the gastrointestinal tract; characterized by patchy deep ulcers that may cause fistulae, and by narrowing and thickening of the bowel by fibrosis and lymphocytic infiltration, with noncaseating tuberculoid granulomas that also may be found in regional lymph nodes; symptoms include fever, diarrhea, cramping abdominal pain, and weight loss.

re·gion·al en·ter·i·tis

(rē'jŭn-ăl en'tĕr-ī'tis)
A chronic enteritis, of unknown cause, involving the terminal ileum and less frequently other parts of the gastrointestinal tract; characterized by patchy deep ulcers that may cause fistulas, and narrowing and thickening of the bowel by fibrosis and lymphocytic infiltration, with noncaseating tuberculoid granulomas that also may be found in regional lymph nodes; symptoms include fever, diarrhea, cramping abdominal pain, and weight loss.
Synonym(s): Crohn disease, distal ileitis, regional ileitis, granulomatous enteritis.

Crohn,

Burrill Bernard, U.S. gastroenterologist, 1884-1983.
Crohn disease - a subacute chronic enteritis. Synonym(s): regional enteritis
References in periodicals archive ?
Regional Enteritis 2.6% AV Malformation 10.7% Erosions 14.3% Neoplasm 11.3% Nonspecific 3.3% Normal 57.7% Note: Table made from pie chart.
* The report reviews pipeline therapeutics for Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis) by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
* Special Considerations: Clindamycin is contraindicated in patients with a history of regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, antibiotic-associated colitis, or hypersensitivity to preparations containing clindamycin or lincomycin.
The product is contraindicated in patients with a hypersensitivity to lincomycinor with a history of regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, pseudomembranous colitis, or antibiotic-associated colitis.
Also known as: Regional ileitis, granulomatous ileitis, ileocolotis, and regional enteritis.

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