tessellata had sufficient time to disperse into the Swat Valley and more eastern valleys from a potential glacial refugium
in the southern Turanian lowlands (far northern Afghanistan and adjacent areas).
The Klamath-Siskiyou region (Mahoney 2004; Swenson and Howard 2005) is the proposed refugium
in this species for the southern clade.
Large scale geographic definitions may indicate the importance of Anatolia as a general refugium
, but these do not allow us to elucidate the importance of this region as a system of refugia and speciation areas.
Beringia as a glacial refugium
for boreal trees and shrubs: New perspectives from mapped pollen data.
Judd concludes her study with a reception history of the motet Magnus es tu Domine I Tu pauperum refugium
by Josquin des Prez and an epilogue in which she reiterates her desire to know what music notation can mean when it is surrounded by theoretical text.
Therefore, the basic cell of the harvest refugium
was arbitrarily chosen as a 20-km diameter circle, a group of which comprised the refugia for each species.
The assemblage of endemic taxa from these islands, which include mammals (Foster 1965; Cowan 1989), birds (Foster 1965; Cowan 1989), fish (Moodie and Reimchen 1973), beetles (Kavanaugh 1992), angiosperms (Calder and Taylor 1968), and bryophytes (Schofield 1989), have cumulatively provided support for a Pleistocene glacial refugium
on or near these islands (summary in Scudder and Gessler 1989).
With wide-ranging, deep-ocean species, the refugium
would have to be extremely large, and consequently it would be difficult to manage and enforce, and the political pressure to allow harvest would be too great.
The test with a refugium
had a much higher index value (139) than that of the one without (21).
Our results also show that the ancient refugium
for the European snow vole in the Kopet Dagh was detached from the Hyrcanian refugium
in the mesic mountains to the south of the Caspian Sea.