refugee


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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We need to invest in refugee education or pay the price of a generation of children condemned to grow up unable to live independently, find work and be full contributors to their communities," said Grandi.
The Minister said that despite not being a signatory to the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees and Refugee Protocols of 1967, Pakistan was extending all-out assistance to the refugees while those countries who are signatory to the UN Convention need to share the burden of Pakistan.
The foreign minister said the year 2019 marked 40 years of presence of millions of Afghan refugees in Pakistan.
The results of the Palestinian Refugees in the Palestinian Refugee Camps and Localities Census in Lebanon 2017 showed that the Palestinian refugees in Lebanon are concentrated in Sidon with (36%), followed by North (25%), Tyre (about 15%), Beirut 13%, Al Chouf 7% and Bekaa 4%.
There are many options for structuring policies that allow refugees to work in ways that benefit host countries; and they should be tailored to the conditions of a host country and its refugee population.
Referring to discussions in the quadrilateral meeting of Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on Afghan refugees, Zolfaqari said that we reviewed the past seven years performance of the group towards Afghan refugees.
These are mostly Somali refugees and asylum seekers, whose future is now in limbo, he said.
The government would take necessary steps to resettle the returned refugees in their respective residential areas such as Vavuniya, Mannar, Matale, Mullaitivu, Trincomalee and Jaffna, the release further said.The UNHCR would provide the refugees with free air tickets to return home and the government would grant dry rations and livelihood subsidy of Rs 100,000 for six months, according to the release.
Major refugee producing countries (Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia)15 qualify as, or are adjacent to, active war zones.
Local refugee camps were only formally recognised by the government in 2014 and the members of the Refugee Appeal Board, responsible for hearing and deciding appeals on refugee status, appointed in 2015.
The global compact on refugees is a response to large movements of refugees and protracted refugee situations.
The South Asian region is witnessing unprecedented climate change and there is need for a regional dialogue taking into account climate refugees, he Said He called for a full implementation of Refugee Management Policy approved by the cabinet in Feb 2017 declaring proof of residence (PoR) cards as valid till a law was formulated and the tripartite agreement on refugees between Pakistan, Afghanistan and UNHCR implemented in letter and spirit.