refractory epilepsy


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refractory epilepsy

Epilepsy that cannot be controlled with two anticonvulsant drugs. Refractory epilepsy is found in about a third of all patients who have seizures.
See also: epilepsy
References in periodicals archive ?
Long-term outcome of vagus nerve stimulation therapy in patients with refractory epilepsy.
Pediatric patients with chronic medically refractory epilepsy are affected with different pathology compared to patients with new-onset seizures and require specialized imaging.
Therefore, patients with refractory epilepsy selected for CD should be screened in terms of these diseases before diet (Table 2).
Medically refractory epilepsy contributes to a disproportionate amount of cost with 25% of patients who are drug resistant incurring 86% of all costs.
Work in the United States is holding out hope for those with refractory epilepsy.
Persons with epilepsy and their families should feel comfortable in considering the use of VNS therapy as a treatment option in refractory epilepsy.
Furthermore he and his colleagues show that adenosine deficiency may be relevant to epilepsy and that a ketogenic diet - a high-fat, low-carbohydrate metabolic regimen effective in the treatment of refractory epilepsy - can reduce seizures by increasing adenosine (A1) receptor-mediated inhibition.
Callosotomy in the management of refractory epilepsy
Declines in mean intelligence quotient scores secondary to refractory epilepsy are well documented in the literature (8).
the presence of interictal psychosis should prompt the clinician to order high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in search of small tumours (harmatomas and ganglionomas), some of which may not be detectable on the standard MRI and may cause refractory epilepsy.