ginseng

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gin·seng

(jin'seng),
The roots of several species of Panax (family Araliaceae), esteemed as of great medicinal virtue by the Chinese, used extensively as a "nutriceutical"; alleged to improve mental and physical functions.
[Ch.]

ginseng

(jĭn′sĕng′)
n.
1. Any of several plants of the genus Panax, especially P. ginseng of East Asia or P. quinquefolius of North America, having small greenish flowers grouped in umbels, palmately compound leaves, and forked roots used in herbal medicine.
2. The roots or preparations of the roots of any of these plants.
Alternative medicine An herb used as a herbal remedy, as an anxiolytic and antidepressant
Chinese medicine Any of 22 different deciduous plants, mostly of the Panax family—e.g., Panax ginseng—that are native to Southeast Asia; ginseng root contains panaxin, panax acid, panaquilen, panacen, sapogenin, and ginsenin; it is used in Chinese herbal medicine as a tonic and restorative, and said to have immunologic, hormonal, and stress-reducing effects; it has been used for respiratory infections, gastrointestinal complaints including anorexia, bloating, depression, diarrhoea, vomiting, fatigue, impotence, shock, shortness of breath, stress, increased sweating
Physiologic effects Increased testosterone, corticosteroids, gluconeogenesis, central nervous system activity, increased pulse and blood pressure, gastrointestinal motility, haematopoiesis; decreased cholesterol
Toxicity Ginseng should not be used in patients with asthma, arrhythmias, hypertension, or post-menopausal bleeding
Fringe oncology Ginseng’s effect on cancer is inconclusive; weak data suggest it may have carcinoprotective effects. See Unproven methods for cancer management

ginseng

Pharmacognosy An herb used as a herbal remedy, as an anxiolytic and antidepressant Physiologic effects ↑ testosterone, corticosteroids, gluconeogenesis, CNS activity, HTN, ↑ pulse and BP, GI motility, hematopoiesis; ↓ cholesterol Toxicity Ginseng should not be used in Pts with asthma, arrhythmias, HTN, or post-menopausal bleeding. See Unproven methods for cancer management.

gin·seng

(jin'seng)
(Panax quinquefolius) Herbal with dozens of purported therapeutic properties (e.g., antidepressant, aphrodisiac, sleep aid, systemic panacea); used worldwide by enormous numbers of people.
[Ch.]

ginseng

The root of two perennial Chinese and Korean herbs of the genus Panax—P. quinquefolium or P. schinseng . Ginseng is credited with the power to cure many diseases including cancer, rheumatism and diabetes, and to have powerful aphrodisiac properties. There is no evidence that the herb has any medical or other value.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company said it has dealt in CheongKwanJang's red ginseng in Singapore since the 1930s.
Fermenting red ginseng enhances itssafety and efficacy as a novel skin care anti-aging ingredient: In vitro and animal study.
(2016) Neuroprotective and Cognition-Enhancing Effects of Compound K Isolated from Red Ginseng. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 64, 2855-2864.
Red ginseng has been widely applied as a Korean medicine in clinical prescription and has been used traditionally in oriental countries to improve health [57, 58].
Nonetheless, studies done by several researchers shown that red ginseng acidic polysaccharide (RGAP) possesses desirable immunomodulatory activity [11].
Kimura, "Effects of red ginseng extract on ultraviolet B-irradiated skin change in C57BL mice," Phytotherapy Research, vol.
Moreover, the yield of ginsenoside Rg3 obtained by microwave is 7.69 mg/g and 250 times as high as that obtained from red ginseng. The mechanism of saponins conversion may be related to hydrolyze glycosidic bond at C-20 and C-3 [25].
(2015) reported that fermented wild ginseng culture by-product or red ginseng extracts could increase egg production, which may be attributed to the improvement in the health status of birds fed diets supplemented with ginseng.
Red Ginseng Ikikuh by Korea Tobacco & Ginseng led Asian speciality drinks with a 41% off-trade volume share in 2015.
The advertisement of this Korean red ginseng (KRG) can be googled at http://www.geumhong.com.my or the content of it displaying therapeutics claims that it can cure, prevents diabetes, arteriosclerosis, and hypertension, and improves sexual function disorders of males.
Red ginseng extract inhibits the expression of MCP-1 and iNOS in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells by suppressing the activation of NADPH oxidase and Jak2/Stat3.