recurrent UTI

recurrent UTI

Recurrent urinary tract infection. See Urinary tract infection.
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A questionnaire was used for collection of primary data include participant age, pregnancy trimester, signs and symptoms of UTI, contraceptive use, recurrent UTI episodes, previous antibiotic intake and medical history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and anemia.
A repeat urine culture is not required during or following treatment unless symptoms failed to resolve despite 72 hours of therapy, symptoms recur suggesting recurrent UTI or contamination of the initial urine culture is suspected.
Our bladder case had a history of recurrent UTI and recent repetitive cystoscopy but, on the other hand, urethral case did not provide the condition of chronic injuries to the urothelial mucosa.
Although antibiotic prophylaxis may reduce the incidence of recurrent UTI, its impact on incidence of renal scarring and long-term kidney function remains controversial.1
In addition low socioeconomic status, history of recurrent UTI, diabetes mellitus and urinary tract abnormalities have also been shown to have a positive association4,5.
Diagnoses of the patients and frequency of recurrent UTI are shown in Table 2.
(16) suggest rectal cultures only for TRUS-bx patients who meet the risk factors for infections, such as quinolone use in the last six months, recurrent UTI or prostatitis, and history of infectious complication in previous TRUS-bx.
About a quarter had at least one complicating factor, including obstructive uropathies due to functional or anatomic abnormalities of the urogenital tract, recurrent UTI, vesicoureteral reflex, or intermittent catheterization.
Furthermore, it is recommended as part of investigation if the patient experiences recurrent UTI.
The authors concluded that the meta-analysis suggests cranberry can be a potential non-pharmacological approach for generally healthy women to prevent an uncomplicated recurrent UTI. Larger high-quality studies are needed to confirm these findings.
In the current study, different types of possible risk factors were analyzed but only any antibiotic use more than two cycles in the previous year (OR = 6.238; 95% CI = 1.257-30.957; p = 0.025) and recurrent UTI more than two cycles in the last 6 months or more than three cycles in the last year (OR = 7.356; 95% CI = 1.429-37.867; p = 0.017) were identified as an independent risk factors for acquisition of ESBL-producing strains (Table 2).
Utilizing a mouse model of UTI, Hannan and coworkers have reported that early inhibition of cycloxygenase activity decreases the incidence of recurrent UTI [32].

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