reality orientation


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Related to reality orientation: validation therapy

reality orientation

 
1. a program designed to improve cognitive and psychomotor function in persons who are confused or disoriented. It is often employed in long-term facilities to create an environment in which perceptions of the environment in relation to the external world are directed toward the reality of that world. Aids such as calendars and clocks and sensory stimuli such as distinctive sights, sounds, and smells are used to improve sensory awareness. The expected outcome of such programs for severely impaired persons is improvement in intellect and language skills, and increased participation in activities of daily living.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as promotion of the patient's awareness of personal identity, time, and environment. See also reality testing.

reality orientation1

a formal activity that uses specific approaches to assist confused or disoriented persons toward an awareness of reality, or the "here and now," as by emphasizing the time, day, month, year, situation, and weather.

reality orientation2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as promotion of patient's awareness of personal identity, time, and environment. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

reality orientation

An intervention to orient people with early dementia or delirium. It involves repetition of verbal and nonverbal information. The environment remains constant, and the person is reminded about names, dates, weather, and other pertinent information.
References in periodicals archive ?
not seem to have a highly developed sense of reality orientation.
Those who worked longest in the discipline (16 or more years) rated group therapy and reality orientation significantly lower than the other groups.
Psychological Therapies That Make, Or Miss, the Grade Psychoeducation and teaching caregivers how to change their A interactions with patients Standard behavioral management techniques B Cognitive stimulation therapy B Staff education in managing behavioral problems B Music/music therapy B Snoezelen therapy/multisensory stimulation B Other dementia-specific therapies C Family counseling C Other sensory stimulation C Environmental manipulation C Reminiscence therapy D Validation therapy D Reality orientation therapy D "Admiral" nurses D Simulated presence therapy D Therapeutic activity programs D Montessori activities D Exercise D Source: Dr.
Staff also need to receive information about the appropriate use of reality orientation, validation therapy, redirection, activities, etc.
2] It has also been suggested that establishing a daily pattern akin to the patient's former routine may facilitate reality orientation.