reading disability


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Related to reading disability: dyslexia, reading disorder

reading disability

Reading disorder Neurology A difficulty in learning to read despite normal IQ and opportunity to learn with competent instruction, in absence of general health problems, emotional disturbances or sensory defects. See Dyslexia.

disability

(dis?a-bil'it-e) [ ¹dis- + ability]
Any physical, mental, or functional impairment that limits a major activity. It may be partial or complete. The definition of disability is controversial. To some experts it refers to any restriction or inability to perform socially defined roles or tasks that are expected of an individual in specific social contexts. Another concept of disability is that it is any restriction or lack of ability to perform tasks or roles in the manner previously considered normal for an individual. Contemporary views of disability recognize that characteristics of the environment interact with an individual’s abilities to determine functional performance. In this view, the presence of disability is not entirely determined by bodily function or impairment. Synonym: activity limitation; functional limitation See: death for table; handicap

developmental disability

A disability due to congenital abnormality, trauma, deprivation, or disease that interrupts or delays the sequence and rate of normal growth, development, and maturation.

excess disability

The discrepancy that exists when a person's functional limitations are greater than those warranted by the objective degree of impairment. Often excess disability is created by attitudes and policies that create barriers to a disabled person's full participation.

learning disability

Any of several disorders characterized by difficulty in reading, writing, or mathematics that is two standard deviations below the norm for a person of otherwise normal intelligence. The condition may become apparent at an early age but usually is not recognized until the child begins formal education in school. The frequency of this condition in boys is five times that in girls. About 5% of children in school use special educational services because of learning disorders. Synonym: academic skills disorder; learning disorder

nonverbal learning disability

Any cognitive or mood disorder that is first noticed in school-aged children in which language use is preserved, but other abilities (e.g., in affect, computation, or drawing) are adversely affected.

reading disability

Dyslexia.
References in periodicals archive ?
The main aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of audio-recording method on reading disability. For this purpose, the following questions were sought to be answered: "What are the effects of audio-recording method on eliminating reading disability?" and "What are the effects of this method on attitudes toward reading?".
Reading disability defined as a discrepancy between listening and reading comprehension: A longitudinal study of stability, gender differences and prevalence.
The preliminary survey reported that the same 33% (n = 27) of the pre-service teachers were willing to include a student with a reading disability. By the end of the course, 99% of the preservice teachers were willing to include a student with a reading disability in their general education classrooms.
The recommendations of Beatty and Davis (1998) regarding avoiding discrepancies in print reading disability statistics were considered in the formation of the key question related to difficulty reading.
A team led by Gruen found that variants of a gene known as DCDC2 frequently occur in individuals diagnosed with a serious reading disability but not in their immediate-family members who don't have a reading problem.
Working memory, inhibitory control, and reading disability. Memory and Cognition, 28, 12-20.
With the help of specialized laser printers that accommodate large print, Braille translation software and TextAloud software that provides one-step production of MP3 audio files, students that are blind, visually impaired or have a reading disability have additional resources at their disposal.
Persistent arithmetic, reading, or arithmetic and reading disability. Annals of Dyslexia, 49, 45-70.
That might include non-pharmacologic interventions, such as providing resource room time with a reading specialist if a reading disability is determined and giving the child strategies aimed at reducing distraction and decreasing hyperactivity.